The paper described a survey of wood fuel and other traditional energy sources at two locations in a semi-arid low rainfall wood savanna (1)on sandy soil, the Umm Buweisa in the White Nile Province (2)on clay soil, Kalkada, in the Nuba mountains of Southern Kordofan. 75 of the household interviewed stated that firewood was usually collected by women who go out early in the morning on donkeys travelling distances up to 13 km. First the dry parts were collected then the branches were cut off and finally the whole tree. One donkey load would last one family of seven persons about two days when combined with other fuels. Crop residues like dura stalks and animal dung were widely used for cooking kisra. In Kalkada fire wood collection was here also a totally female activity. They collect only dry dead wood, or wood fallen as a result of termites, wind, thunderstorms or running water-load, carried on the head and was usually tied in bundles. Drug and crop residues were not used. In both areas a stove made of stones, brick or clay was the main cooking stove.