Osman, H. M.; Shayoub, M. H.; Babiker, E. M.; Mounzer, M. E.
The ethanolic leaves extract of S. argel was studied for its effect on the blood electrolytes and biochemical constituents of albino rats. The animals (n= 12, average BW= 240 g) were divided into two groups of six each: one to act as the experimental group (EG) and the other as the control group (CG). The result Revealed that K, Ca and P for electrolytes and creatinine, urea, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) for biochemical constituents were found significantly higher (P < 0.05) in experimental group when compared with the control group. In the meantime, total protein, albumin, total bilirubin, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) for biochemical constituents, and Na and Fe for electrolytes did not differ significantly from those of the control group (P > 0.05). The findings of this study suggested that the dose 600 mg of extract /Kg BW was more likely to have adverse effect on liver and kidneys of albino rats.