Psychiatric and Community Health Department

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    Factors Affecting Female Circumcision Practice in Rural and Urban Areas among Women in Khartoum State – Sudan August 2019 - January 2020
    (University of Khartoum, 2020) Fawzia Abdel Moniem Elhussien Salih
    Abstract Background: Female circumcision (FC) is known as a harmful traditional practice that causes numerous health and social consequences for women and young girls. Sudan ranks as seventh among countries practicing (FC) worldwide. In spite of the efforts done to control this harmful practice but still it is widely practiced in rural and urban areas in Sudan. The identification of the specific factors that influences the continuation of the practice is real issues in planning and designing health promotion activity and public health response. Objectives: the study aimed to determine factors affecting the continuation of female circumcision practice among women in rural and urban areas in Khartoum state. Methods: A descriptive comparative community-based study was used. It was conducted in Khartoum state from August 2019 - January 2020 among women >15years old. The sample size was 588 divided equally between urban and rural areas. Analysis was done using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Results: The mean age for all participants were 34.7 ± 10.4, most of them were Muslim (96.6%).The overall prevalence of (FC) among studied women was (93.2 %), (94.6%) in rural women compared to 91.8% in urban women. Regarding socio demographic factors, old age women 55 years is highly significant are 10.6 times more likely to circumcise their daughters than young women. Muslim women are 3.3times more likely to perform (FC) to their daughters compared to Christian women (P. value = 0.030). Women residing in rural areas circumcised their daughter 5 times than urban women (P. value = 0.000), women had gone circumcised were 16.7 times more likely to be circumcised their daughters compared to women weren't circumcised (P. value = 0.000) Conclusion: - The study concluded that prevalence of (FC) among girls is more in rural areas than urban areas due to socio-cultural factors. This needs more efforts to raise awareness mainly among rural women.