Department of Political Science

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    أثر أحداث الحادي عشر من سبتمبر 2001 على المملكة العربية السعودية
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2022) هشام بن عبدالله بن عبد الرحمن التويم
    Research title: The Impact of The Events of September 11, 2001 on The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Name: Hisham Bin Abdallah Bin Abdul Rahman Altawim Degree: Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science. The aim of the research is to identify the historical and political background of the events of September 11, 2001 on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and to shed light on the variables and repercussions that resulted and followed them in foreign policies, international relations and their regional dimensions, and in internal security, social, cultural, and economic policies. The Kingdom and the Saudi people. The researcher used the descriptive approach, the historical approach, and the questionnaire as one of the tools of this research. The research community consisted of (187) officials, workers and specialists in the fields of economics and strategic political science, as well as security sciences in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Data analysis through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) program, and the researcher reached the following results, including: There are historical, social, ideological, intellectual, political and other backgrounds related to the events of September 11, 2001 and their repercussions on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and there are also variables and political, security, social, cultural, economic and regional dimensions. And international, under the pretext of the war on Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, and currently the Arab coalition against the Houthi rebels in Yemen, and also there is the international coalition against (the Islamic State in the Levant and Iraq) and others in which Saudi Arabia is an active and main member, and that there are influences of movements and sectarian, ideological and political. On the tenth of September 2001 . The researcher concluded that there is a future perception of the political reality in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Through these results, the researcher made the following recommendations: Activating the political, security and cultural aspect to limit the effects of sectarian, intellectual and political movements and currents on the Kingdom, the need for the Kingdom to adopt future strategies to confront international and regional challenges, the need to fight terrorism, and to confront the attack on Islam as a whole in the form of a religious war on the so-called strongholds of terrorism in the Middle East, and the need to activate The role of the Saudi media and independent study centers in improving the image of the Kingdom in the world in general and in the Western world in particular, and the need for the Saudi Ministry of Culture and Information to pay attention to the category of intellectuals and artists through its support for culture and science, support for cultural and sports clubs, and the establishment of book fairs and cultural forums. The researcher submits proposals to conduct studies similar to the subject of the research. عنوان البحث:أثر أحداث الحادي عشر من سبتمبر 2001 على المملكة العربية السعودية. الاسم: هشام بن عبدالله بن عبد الرحمن التويم الدرجة: دكتوراه الفلسفة في العلوم السياسية. هدف البحث إلى التعرف على الخلفية التاريخية والسياسية لأحداث الحادي عشر من سبتمبر2001 على المملكة العربية السعودية، وتسليط الضوء على المتغيرات والتداعيات التي أفرزتها وأعقبتها في السياسات الخارجية والعلاقات الدولية وأبعادها الإقليمية، وفي السياسات الداخلية الأمنية، والاجتماعية، والثقافية، والاقتصادية على المملكة والشعب السعودي. استخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفي والمنهج التاريخي، والاستبانة كأداة من أدوات هذا البحث، وتكون مجتمع البحث من (187) فرداً من المسئولين والعاملين والمختصين في مجالات الاقتصاد والعلوم السياسية والاستراتيجية، وكذلك العلوم الأمنية في المملكة العربية السعودية، واستجاب للاستبيان عدد (126) فرداً، وتم تحليل البيانات عبر برنامج الحزم الإحصائية للعلوم الإجتماعية SPSS)) وتوصل الباحث إلى النتائج التالية منها: أنَّ هنالك خلفيات تاريخية واجتماعية وعقدية وفكرية وسياسية وغيرها متعلقة بأحداث الحادي عشر من سبتمبر2001م وتداعياتها على المملكة العربية السعودية، وهنالك أيضاً متغيرات وتداعيات سياسية وأمنية واجتماعية وثقافية واقتصادية وأبعاد إقليمية ودولية، بدعوى الحرب على تنظيم القاعدة في أفغانستان، وحالياً التحالف العربي ضد المتمردين الحوثيين باليمن، وأيضا هناك التحالف الدولي ضد (الدولة الإسلامية في الشام والعراق) وغيرها التي تعتبر السعودية عضواً فاعلاً ورئيساً فيه، وأنَّ هنالك تأثيرات للحركات والتيارات المذهبية والفكرية والسياسية في أحداث الحادي عشر من سبتمبر2001م. وتوصل الباحث إلى أنَّ هنالك تصوراً مستقبلياً للواقع السياسي في المملكة العربية السعودية، من خلال هذه النتائج قام الباحث بتقديم التوصيات التالية: ضرورة تفعيل الجانب السياسي والأمني والثقافي للحد من تأثيرات الحركات والتيارات المذهبية والفكرية والسياسية على المملكة، وضرورة تبني المملكة استراتيجيات مستقبلية لمواجهة التحديات الدولية والإقليمية، وضرورة محاربة الإرهاب، والتصدي للهجوم على الإسلام ككل في صورة حرب دينية على ما يسمى بمعاقل الإرهاب في الشرق الأوسط، وضرورة تفعيل دور الإعلام السعودي ومراكز الدراسات المستقلة في تحسين صورة المملكة في العالم بصورة عامة وفي العالم الغربي على وجه الخصوص، وضرورة اهتمام وزارة الثقافة والإعلام السعودية بفئة المثقفين والفنانين من خلال دعمها للثقافة والعلوم، ودعم الأندية الثقافية والرياضية وإقامة معارض للكتاب والمنتديات الثقافية، وفي نهاية البحث قام الباحث بتقديم مقترحات بإجراء دراسات مماثلة لموضوع البحث.
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    (التنافس الأمريكى ــ الروسى فى الشرق الأوسط (دراسة حالة الأزمة السورية 2011م-2020م
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2021-04) امتثال محمد عثمان الشيخ سيد أحمد
    Title of Research: The US-Russian rivalry in the Middle East. (A case study of the Syrian crisis 2011-2020) Name of Student : Emtithal Mohamed Osman Elsheikh SidAhmed . Name of Degree: MSC in International Relations. This study dealt with the problem of US-Russian competition in the Middle East, by studying the case of the Syrian crisis, dealing with the sectarian dimensions, terrorism, and the roles it played in fueling the conflict. The study aimed to find out the causes of the conflict in the Middle East and its position in the global balance of power and to shed light on one of the longest crises in the Middle East. The study also aimed to focus attention on the resurgence of US-Russian competition and to contribute to a re-evaluation of the causes of competition in the Middle East. The study asked whether the interests of the major powers lie in provoking conflicts in the Middle East. The study is based on the case study approach in studying the Syrian crisis, and the descriptive and analytical approach in describing and analyzing the situation in the region as a whole and the situation of Syria in particular, and the research adopted the historical method to trace the roots of the existing problem in Syria. Primary data were collected through a personal interview, and secondary data were collected through books, reports, previous studies and research, articles, and websites. The study concluded with the following findings: the current crises experienced by Arab countries in particular and the Middle East in general will cast a shadow over these societies' perception of the practices of major countries that have not moved to save them in their current stage while their interests and goals have formed a line that cannot be crossed so that bypassing it means The use of military force. The study also concluded that the Syrian crisis highlights the extent of the international organization’s inability to maintain international peace and security.
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    تأثير المتغيرات الإقليمية على الأمن القومى السوداني دراسة حالة الأزمه الليبية 2011-2020م
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2022-06) الهادى احمد على عثمان
    Abstract Research Title: The Impact of Regional Variables on the Sudanese National Security A Study Case on Libyan Crisis 2011-2020 Student’s name: Alhadi Ahmed Ali Osman Degree: Ph.D of Philosophy in Political Science The study dealt with the impact of regional variables on Sudan’s national security by applying to the Libyan crisis as a case study, and it aimed to shed light on the regional variables that posed a threat to Sudan’s national security, and the extent of the impact of those variables on Sudan’s security, in addition to identifying some concepts closely related to the two concepts of security. National and regional and theories explaining them. The research used the historical and descriptive analytical method, which analyzes and interprets data and facts, and the case study method to study the situation of the Libyan crisis, and to collect data, the study relied on secondary sources represented in references, scientific papers, periodicals and reports. The security of neighboring countries, including the national security of Sudan, and that external interference in Libya has exacerbated the crisis and led to political and security instability, resulting from the absence of political participation and a sense of inequality in addition to interference and competition inside Libya, and that there are some obstacles and obstacles facing the process The political settlement of the Libyan crisis was represented in the depth of the tribal dimension in the political conflict before and after the February 17, 2011 revolution, in addition to the lack of trust between the parties to the conflict. The study recommended a set of recommendations, the most important of which is the necessity of a political settlement of the Libyan crisis on the basis of the national interest, and the contribution of neighboring countries to resolving the Libyan crisis by providing an alternative consensual strategy to end the conflict and fighting and the formation and activation of a joint force between Sudan and Libya along the borders between the two countries.
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    مبررات اصلاح مجلس الامن وانعكاسها علي التوازن الدولي
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2019) ام النصر الامين محمد صالح عزالعرب
    Abstract Research title: Justifications for Security Council Reform and its Impact on the International Balance Name of student: UmElnasr Elameen Mohammed Salih Izelarab Degree: MSc International Relations This research aims at investigating the justifications for the reform of the UN Security Council due to the urgent need for the existence of an effective Security Council to be endowed with transparency, contributing into security and stability and finding solutions to the problems facing the international community. The research also aims to get acquaintance with the changes which occurred on the international order, forces transformations and the extent of its impact on the pursuit of its performance. Likewise the research aims at shedding light on the political and legal character and to elucidate the Council’s imbalance in performing its duties for the maintenance of international peace and security. The research adopted the descriptive/analytic/historical and critical method. The research relied on primary and secondary sources, such as books, scientific reports, periodicals, scientific papers, journalistic articles, magazines and websites. The research arrived at findings and the salient ones are: the Security Council had a flaw in its rules of procedures due to the broad powers conferred upon it by the United Nations charter in addition to the exercising the (right) of veto which led to the predominance of the political character upon it more than being an organ pursing the implementation of international law and rules. Likewise the advent of the flexible international balance as manifested in the comprehensive representation of the whole continents in addition to the change which occurred in the world’s centers of power has engendered a conflict of dominance with the tendencies of unilateralism .This situation entailed the amendment of the exclusive and limited representation of the permanent membership and the consecration on the effectiveness of the Council’s performance. Moreover, the research found that the most important justifications requiring the reform are structural ones which are manifested in the amendment of the UN charter and the competences of the Security Council. Hence the research recommends the necessity of convening an international conference with the participation of all the member states including the permanent states to agree upon the required propositions for developing the Security Council’s performance and keeping pace with the ongoing changes and transformations and to face the current international challenge.
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    تشكيل الدولة السودانية الحديثة بين ممسكات الوحدة ومهددات الانفصال: 1956-2011
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2019) غادة ابرهيم حسين ملاسي
    Abstract Research title: Formation of Nation-State in Sudan: between Supporting Unity and Threats of Secession: 1956-2011 Name of student: Ghada Ibrahim Hussein Mallasi Degree: PhD (Political Science) The process of forming the nation-state in Sudan has gone through historic stages, contributed by several factors. This research deals with the formation of the modern Sudanese state since independence. Through three factors, education, administration and economy the role of the elites and its impact on the unity of the modern Sudanese state were addressed. The research aimed to address the three factors through a comprehensive analytical vision leading to more reasonable and acceptable results. With regard to the methodology, the research relied on the synthesis of elements of historical exploration, geopolitics, and analysis of functional structural systems to build an analytical framework, in order to strike a balance between the description of the emergence of the modern Sudanese state and its division into political historically easy way to deal with scientifically. In terms of sources, the research used books, articles, unpublished theses and other secondary sources. The most important findings of the research indicate that the weakness of the modern Sudanese state stems from political instability, lack of security, and lack of balanced economic development, in addition to a clear defect in the structure of the administrative system. These factors played a major role in the emergence of regional conflicts and strengthened tribalism, as opposed to the decline of the concept of a unified national identity. The negative impact of the three factors on each other has affected the unity of the country and the emergence of calls for secession. Perhaps the secession of the South 2011 is a clear example of the cumulative impact (negative) of the interaction of grabs and threats and the impact of each other. The research recommends that researchers should modify the analytical models (model Almond, the failure of the state, for example) and adapt it to suit the specificity of the study cases and to help explain the crisis of nation-state formation in Sudan and similar African countries. adapt it to suit the specificity of the study cases and to help explain the crisis of nation-state formation in Sudan and similar African countries.