Department of Communication

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    توظيف الإمكانات الفنية للإذاعة القومية السودانية: برنامج دكان ود البصير أنموذجا في الفترة من2016-2017
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2022) مصعب عبدالكريم هارون عثمان
    Abstract Research Title Employing the Technical Capabilities of the Sudanese National Broadcasting Radio: Dukan Wad Al-Baseer Programme as a Model in the Period (2016-2017). Name of student: Musab Abdelkarim Haroun Osman Degree: M.A. Communication This research aims to study the available technical capabilities of radio which represent one of the basic factors of broadcasting process, identifying its usage in the Sudanese radio through Dukan Wad Al-Baseer programme in the period (2016-2017). The research adopts the descriptive and historical approach and the survey method. To collect the data, the researcher depends on a number of secondary sources like books, periodicals, journals and the internet, as well as primary resources like interviews with experts in the field of radio in general and drama in particular in addition to some academia in the communication field. The researcher also used observation and content analyses.The sample of the study is composed of (13) episodes of the programme adapting the simple random sampling. The researcher verified the validity of the tool where the reliability was 0.98 and the validity was 0.98.The most important findings of the research are that Dukan Wad Al-Baseer programme depended on a number of technical capabilities specifically the human voice using the colloquial language that affects listeners of the programme. All the effects used were either natural or human no created ones were employed, the programme as well did not use break music which lessened the space of diverse performance, the programme made no benefit from digital monatage to live up the radio materials. There was also a noticeable convergence in the usage of some technical capabilities in the sample of the study like natural effects and dramatic music, so the technical capabilities were not properly employed in Dukan Wad Al-Baseer programme. Upon these results, the research recommends a study focusing on the necessity of benefiting of sound effects by using more natural effects and creating some Sudanese sound effects that are appropriate to the nature of the programme in addition to making use of the technological development in the field of radio in order to reach the ideal employment of the technical capabilities.
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    مواكبة التشريعات الصحفية للمواثيق الدولية لحرية الصحافة (دراسة حالة السودان الفترة 2004 إلى 2009م)
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2018) حسن محمد صالح محمد عبدالرحمن
    المستخلص يهدف هذا البحث إلى دراسة حرية الصحافة في السودان في بعديها القانوني والمهني وإرتباطها بحرية التعبير كحق من حقوق الإنسان الأساسية التي أكدت عليها المواثيق الدولية وعلي رأسها الإعلان العالمي لحقوق الإنسان الصادر في 10 ديسمبر 1948م والعهد الدولي الخاص بالحقوق المدنية والسياسية الصادر في العام 1966م، المادة ((19)) التي زاوجت بين حرية الصحافة والمسئولية الإجتماعية للصحفيين، وكذلك المواثيق الدولية لحرية الصحافة ومواثيق الشرف الصحفي التي جعلت حرية الصحافة حقا إجتماعيا وأعطت الصحفيين حق ممارسة الحرية في ظل المسئولية الإجتماعية من غير إخلال بالأمن والسلم الإجتماعي والتدخل في الشأن الخاص للأفراد على أن تكون المحكمة هي الفيصل في النزاع بين الصحافة والمجتمع أو الصحافة والحكومة.استخدم الباحث عدد من المناهج العلمية وهي: المنهج الوصفي والمنهج التحليلي والمنهج الإستطلاعي والمنهج التاريخي، كما إستخدم الباحث في دراسته أدوات الملاحظة والمقابلة والإستبانة لجمع المعلومات المتعلقة ببحثه. وقام الباحث بتوزيع مئتي إستمارة علي عينة عمدية من المبحوثين شملت أساتذة الإعلام بالجامعات السودانية ورؤساء تحرير الصحف السودانية والمحامين وطلاب الدراسات العليا بالجامعات السودانية. جمع الباحث عدد مائة وتسعين إستبانة وقام بتحليلها وإستخلاص نتائج الدراسة الميدانية. توصلت الدراسة إلى أن الحرية المنضبطة بالقانون هي الأصلح للمجتمع، وتزداد حرية الصحافة بزيادة الإستقرار السياسي والسلام الإجتماعي. ومجلس الصحافة المثالي هو المجلس المستقل عن الأجهزة التشريعية والتنفيذية والمشكل من أصحاب المهنة وممثلي المجتمع. الصحافة في السودان تعاني من السيطرة الحكومية ومن الأزمات السياسية والإقتصادية والإجتماعية والثقافية والمهنية. بالإضافة إلى أن صدور قانون وطني للصحافة جاء متأخراً أربعة عقود منذ إستقلال السودان. أضف إلى ذلك أن الصحافة تواجه الرقابة الأمنية والذاتية و وعدم تخطي الخطوط الحمراء المرسومة أمنياً وسياسياً. توصي الدراسة بالتمسك بحرية الصحافة، والإحتكام للقضاء في حالة النزاع بين المجتمع والصحافة والصحافة والحكومة. علي أن يتجنب الصحفيون التشهير وإنتهاك الخصوصية والكذب الضار. كما يجب إلغاء القوانين الإستثنائية وتعدد القوانين علي الصحافة والإهتمام بالثقافة القانونية للصحفيين وتطبيق المواثيق الأخلاقية لحرية الصحافة. Abstract The aim of this research is to study journalism freedom in Sudan in its two dimensions the legal and professional, and its relation to the freedom of expression as one of the basic human rights ensured by the international conventions, topped by the International Declaration of Human Rights issued on December, 10th 1948, and the International Convention of Civil and Political rights issued in 1966, and Article (19) which linked between journalism freedom and journalists' social responsibility, and also the international conventions and journalism honor convention which made journalism freedom as a social right and provided the journalists with right to practice freedom in the shadows of social responsibility without violating social safety and peace and intervening the privacy of individuals, and the court is the criterion for solving the dispute between. The researcher used a number of research methods which are: the descriptive, analytical, exploratory, and historical methods, as well he used the observation, questionnaire and the interview techniques as the tools used in the study to collect data related to the research. The research found that journalism disciplined by law is the most appropriate model for the society, and the journalism freedom increases as the political social peace increases. And the ideal Journalism Council is that autonomous council which is separated from legal and executive bodies, and which is formed from professional people and society representatives. Also, it was found that journalism in Sudan suffers from governmental control and political, economic, social, cultural and professional problems. In addition to that the issuance of a national journalism came lately after for decades since the independence of Sudan. As well, it confronts security and self control and not crossing the red lines, which drawn for security and political reasons. The research recommends the adherence to journalism freedom, and appealing to judiciary in cases of disputes between society and journalism or journalism and government, subject to that journalists should avoid defamation and violating individuals' privacy and detrimental disclaim. Also, exceptional and enumerate laws on Journalisms should be canceled, beside the necessity for considering raising the legal culture of journalists and applying ethical conventions of journalism freedom.
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    تحديات ومطلوبات الصحافة الإلكترونية دراسة تطبيقية على موقعي منارات إفريقية الإلكترونية وصحيفة الانتباهة الورقية 2016-2017م
    (University of Khartoum, ) منى أحمد خوجلي أحمد ; سارة حسين الفضل ; قسم الإعلام
    This study addressed the challenges and requirements of e-journalism, in two newspapers web sites; the African Minarets Website (islam4africa.net) and Al-intibaha newspaper website (alintibaha.net). It aims to identify the contribution of the electronic press and the challenges and requirements facing journalistic professional practices, while extrapolating the future of paper journalism in the light of the accelerated technical development of the electronic press. The research used the descriptive analytical approach. Tools used for the collection of data were: noting while participating, facilitated by the researcher work as web editor, Interviews with professionals and experts and questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed to a random sample of 50 editors at the African Minarets and Al-intibaha newspapers. One of the most important findings of the study: the modern professional journalistic reality has forced the journalist to be a comprehensive editor familiar with the rules and bases of editorial and writing for electronic journalism and the techniques of publishing newspapers in press sites, The websites editors’ tasks require combining the methods of editorial editing and management, taking into consideration the basics of planning, implementation, follow up and evaluation. Electronic journalism suffers from a dearth of website editors for basic reasons related to the skills required for business techniques. The study recommends the need to create a website for each newspaper that is in line with the latest modern technologies, and to qualify electronic editors capable of continuously updating newspapers and websites. Organization of technical training courses on the program of detecting intrusion on files, electronic doors and windows, and promoting the concepts of professional ethics related to the electronic press.
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    دور شبكات التواصل الإجتماعي في تشكيل الرأي العام وسط الشباب: دراسة حالة طلاب جامعة الخرطوم
    (University of Khartoum, ) شاكر يحي الحسن بابكر ; عبد الرحمن قرشي عبد الله
    The study has explored the role of social media in forming public opinion of youth. The researcher used University of Khartoum (UoK) students as a case study. The study sample included students from the following faculties: Engineering, Architecture, Science, Mathematical Sciences, Arts, Economic Studies, Law and Administrative Sciences. The study aimed to see how popular social media is among UoK students; to what extent students use social media as a platform to express their views, what are the factors that influence forming the opinion of UoK students and how social media is competing with traditional media as a source of information on social and political developments in Sudan. The researcher used sample survey methodology or the status of the selected category, questionnaires and inquiry from the research community. The study sample has included 330 students from UoK whose age range is 18-26 years old. The total number of students is 10916 and the sample wage is 3.2 %. The main findings of this study include: 90.6 % of UoK students use social media platforms. This shows that these platforms are very popular among UoK students; social media has played a positive role in the level of UoK students participation in public affairs in Sudan, social media platforms enables students to express their social, political views and UoK students depend more and more on social media to know the political and social developments in Sudan. The researcher provided some recommendations including that further investigations are needed on the role of social media in influencing political life; forming public opinion and expressing our views. The researcher has also recommended studying the impacts of smart phone applications such as WhatsApp in disseminating news and rumors and assessing the impact of such applications on our community.
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    The Coverage of International News In Ten American and Arabian Dailies
    (University of Khartoum, ) Abdelaziz, Salah Ahmed ; -
    The Coverage of International News In Ten American and Arabian Dailies