Department of English Language

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    Exploring Motivational Factors Affecting EAP Skills among Undergraduate Students
    (University of Khartoum, 2021-02) Wael Khogali Osman Mohammed-Nour
    ABSTRACT Research Title: Exploring Motivational Factors Affecting EAP Skills among Undergraduate Students. Researcher’ Name: Wael Khogali Osman Mohammed-Nour Degree: Ph.D. in English Language This research aims to assess the motivational factors that affect the process of learning English language of Sudanese undergraduate EAP students. The research particularly aims to find out if gender and academic discipline affect the students’ motivation both intrinsically and extrinsically. Data was collected using a questionnaire. It was administered to 200 male and female participants who were enrolled in the fourth level at the Faculty of Administrative Sciences, University of Science and technology. Because the study intended to analyse the effect of two variables on the participant motivation for each hypothesis, t-test was the most suitable tool to use for it. Data analysis revealed no significant differences in the effect of gender on the participants’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In addition, no significant differences were observed regarding the effect of disciplinary track on the participants’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Based on the study findings, the study recommends that because both intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation are widely acknowledged to enhance the students’ performance, Sudanese EAP instructors are recommended to explicitly train the students in ways to integrate them in their learning system. Also, course materials should be made relevant to the students’ disciplinary track as a motivating strategy and thus, enhance their academic performance. مستخلص عنوان البحث: إستكشاف العوامل التحفيزية التي تؤثرعلى مهارات اللغة الانجليزية للأغراض الأكاديمية بين طلاب البكالوريوس. اسم الباحث: وائل خوجلي عثمان محمد نور الدرجة العلمية: دكتوراه الفلسفة في اللغة الإنجليزية يهدف هذا البحث إلى تقييم العوامل التي تؤثر على عملية تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية لطلاب البكالوريوس بالجامعات السودانية الذين يدرسون اللغة الإنجليزية للأغراض الأكاديمية. فيما تهدف أيضًا إلى معرفة ما إذا كان الجنس والتخصص الأكاديمي يؤثران على دوافع الطلاب الداخلية والخارجية. أسُتخدم الاستبيان لجمع البيانات وتم توزيعها على 200 مشارك من الذكور والإناث في المستوى الرابع لطلاب كلية العلوم الإدارية بجامعة العلوم والتقانة. ولأن الدراسة تهدف إلى تحليل تأثير متغيرين على دوافع المشاركين لكل فرضية ، كان اختبار (ت) هو الأداة الأكثر ملاءمة لتحليلها. كشف تحليل البيانات عدم وجود فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية في تأثير الجنس على الدافع الداخلي والخارجي للمشاركين. بالإضافة الي أنه لم يلاحظ وجود أي فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية فيما يتعلق بتأثير التخصص الأكاديمي على الدوافع الداخلية والخارجية للمشاركين. بناءً على نتائج الدراسة، يوصي البحث بالاعتراف بكل من الدافع الداخلي والخارجي في تحسين أداء الطلاب، فهو معترف به على نطاق واسع. ويوصي أيضاً بأن يقوم المعلمون السودانيون للغة الإنجليزية للأغراض الاكاديمية بتدريب طلابهم ودمجهم في نظامهم التعليمي، ويجب أن تكون المناهج ذات صلة بالمسار التخصصي للطلاب كاستراتيجية تحفيزية، وبالتالي تعزز من أدائهم الأكاديمي.
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    Investigating the Issues of culture, Power and Ideology in International English Textbooks : Case Study of New Headway and Link Up Series in the Sudanese Context
    (University of Khartoum, 2020) Heithem Kamal Eltahir Hashim
    ABSTRACT The present study aims at investigating the issues of culture, power and ideology in international English textbooks taking New Headway and Link Up series, which are currently taught in Sudanese educational institutes, as an example. To achieve this aim, the study adopted a two-fold methodology approach. First, a qualitative method via implementing a critical discourse analysis approach. Second, a quantitative method through a questionnaire which was conducted by 195 learners and 34 teachers drawn from four well-known language institutes in Sudan. The findings reveal that these textbooks are culturally oriented. Secondly, the learners and teachers do consider the learning of English culture constitutes an integral part of mastering English. Thirdly, the teaching of English culture requires more attention in Sudanese EFL classrooms. Based on the findings, recommendations were made as how to teach English culture in Sudanese EFL classrooms. Besides, assessing the teachers` capability to address the cultural components in these textbooks. تهدف الدراسة الحالية إلى التحقيق في قضايا الثقافة، القوة والأيديولوجيا في كتب اللغة الإنجليزية الدولية بالإشارة إلي سلسلتي New Headway و Link Up والتي تدرس حاليًا في المعاهد التعليمية السودانية. لتحقيق هذا الهدف ، اعتمدت الدراسة منهجية ذات شقين. أولاً، طريقة نوعية من خلال تحليل الخطاب النقدي. ثانيًا، طريقة كمية من خلال استبيان أجراه 195 دراسا و 34 مدرسا في أربعة معاهد معروفة في السودان لتعليم اللغة الإنجليزية. كشفت النتائج أن هذه الكتب العالمية ذات توجه ثقافي. ثانيًا، يعتبر المتعلمون والمعلمون أن تعلم الثقافة الإنجليزية يشكل جزءًا لا يتجزأ من إتقان اللغة الإنجليزية. ثالثًا، يتطلب تدريس الثقافة الإنجليزية مزيدًا من الاهتمام في فصول اللغة الإنجليزية كلغة أجنبية في السودان. بناءً على النتائج ، تم تقديم التوصيات حول كيفية تدريس الثقافة الإنجليزية في الفصول الدراسية السودانية لتعليم اللغة الإنجليزية كلغة أجنبية. إلى جانب تقييم قدرة المعلمين على معالجة المكونات الثقافية في هذه الكتب المدرسية .
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    Autobiography as Healing Fiction: A Rereading of Characterization in Selected Texts by Maya Angelou
    (University of Khartoum, ) Amel Mohamed Saeed Bayoumi ; Safia Nour eldin AbdelRahman ; English Language
    The study advocates the hypotheses that autobiography as a genre based on personal narrative, recovered memories of psychological conflicts or traumas and the confessional mode can transform into a therapeutic tool of purgation in art resulting in psychological healing. To validate the hypotheses, a rereading of the characterization of the women protagonists in selected volumes authored by the Afro-American autobiographer Maya Angelou is attempted to explore how autobiography functions as a means of purgation in art leading to catharsis which renders the genre healing fiction. A related aim has promoted the view that psychologically- oriented autobiographies, due to their healing effect, can transfer into a means of self and communal emancipation in the case of racially aggressed but socially, politically and ideologically committed activists like Maya Angelou in the racially and patriarchally oriented milieu of the America of the 1950s and 1960s. The study is structured into an introduction, three chapters and a conclusion. Due to the psychological import of the chosen volumes-hence their characterization, the researcher treats Angelou as a pathological figure who displaces in the portrayal of the protagonist her own internalized conflicts- personal and communal in an unconscious attempt at purgation in art leading to catharsis and healing. Such exploration of the healing power of autobiographical writing re-defines the genre itself as a material site where diverse forces-historical, political, social, racial and other intersubjective ones- emotional and psychological- intersect in the context of the Afro-American community's century long struggle for civil rights and emancipation. The formalistic analyses trace the evolution of the women protagonists from childhood to maturity. Yet, the techniques used to delineate VII characters are approached not as mere artistic tools in the intrinsic text chosen to achieve aesthetic effects. Their choice is dictated by socio-historical and cultural but also psychological factors in the extrinsic context of the author's own communal and private history which renders them tools of psychological therapy. From hence, the use of an interdisciplinary approach to characterization which synthesizes under one umbrella the concepts and tools of formalism, post-colonialism, feminism and psychoanalysis is leaning heavily on Freudian defense mechanisms. The study concludes that healing is strongly associated with the way one biographer retrieves, rearranges and presents his /her memories into a cohesive whole. Coherent self- representation is vital for an objective understanding of one's present and past selves which maintains self-continuity. Healing on the personal and communal is strongly correlated with the combined valance of semantic and episodic memories which support identity reformation, rehabilitation of negative self-perceptions and facilitates psychological well-being by acting as a coping mechanism in the maturing process.
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    The Arab Romantics Knowledge of English and American Poetry
    (University of Khartoum, ) Abdulhai, Mohamed ; -
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    An Analysis of Author Comments in A plant Biology Text and Nature Journal
    (University of Khartoum, ) Pitia, Lodu lo Want ; -