Department of History

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    السياسة البريطانية في إمارات الساحل المتصالح (1820-1892م)
    (University of Khartoum, ) مروة عبدالله محمد الزبير ; تاج السر أحمد حران ; قسم التاريخ
    This thesis attempts to study the British policy towards the Emirates of the Trucial coast during on important period in the region`s history (1820-1892). The special strategic position of the Emirates was a major factor in Britain`s policy of trying to impose her control over the Emirates and later on the Arabian Gulf which was considered an important link to her important colony India . Britain’s control of the Emirates was established in stages: The first stage commercial, followed by political and military control. To achieve their goal Britain started by dividing the region into small parts in order to weaken the economic resources of the Emirates. Then Britain turned her attention to suppress both the piracy and the slave trade, by giving the British ships more shipping space and freedom to search the sailing ships of the Emirates. Having achieved their goal Britain concluded several agreements with the rulers of the Emirates prohibiting them from signing commercial, political agreement with any foreign country without British consent. This study adopted a historical methodology based on the analysis of the historical data gathered from primary sources such as the documents available at the (Qatar`s National and Digital Library), in addition to the documents found in Lorimer`s volumes (The Gazetteer Of The Gulf), further data was gathered from secondary sources such as academic journals, university dissertations and websites. Conclusions arrived at in that study is as followed: British control of the Trucial coast Emirates was established gradually according to methods that ensured the attainment of British colonial interests in the region, that the British took advantage of the absence of strong local leadership in view of tribal discord. The recommends are: publication of documents on foreign activities (European) in the region of the Emirates before and after the British presence, the would benefit future researches working on the history of the region.
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    علاقات الدولة المهدية بالحبشة وأثر العوامل الدولية عليها
    (University of Khartoum, ) نور الدين محمد ابراهيم ; محمد جمال الدين المسدى ; قسم التاريخ
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    صـورة سكان القرن الإفريقي في كتب الرحالة والجغرافيين المسلمين وتأثيراتها الممتدة (272هـ- 779هـ/ 885م -1377م)
    (University of Khartoum, ) عبدالله الفكي البشير ; تاج السر أحمد حران ; History
    This study aims to present the image of the peoples of the Horn of Africa in the books of the Muslims’ travelers and geographers during a period that extends to five centuries. Additionally, the study traces the effects and impact of this image. The study adopts the historical method, combined with descriptive and analytical comparison techniques. The study presents and interprets through relevant contexts quotations and facts from classical primary sources, such as al-Yaqoubi, al-Mas'udi, Ibn Ḥawqal, al-Idrisi and Ibn Baṭūṭah. The analysis employed reads between the lines of the very quotations or compares them with other quotations considering the time difference. As well, the study utilizes literature from some forums, theses and periodicals. The study concludes that the travelers' and geographers' writings represent the first documentation on the Horn of Africa area in Arabic language. The study also considers The sources as the most important in the medieval centuries recorded on the basis of eye witnessing. The study reveals that these studies, despite their importance as a source for studying the Horn of Africa area, reveal a negative image of the inhabitants of that area in which the real IS mixed with imagination and superstition. Some of the features of that image ARE attributed to the properties of the recording as well as the level of the cultural composition of the travelers and the geographers and some of them are attributed to the heritage of other nations such as the Greeks. The study notes that the authors of those books tended to copy from each other. To document that, the study provides examples of identical quotes. It echoes the same image that infiltrated to the Arabic and Islamic mentality. That image endorsed a stereotype OF the peoples of this region in these mentalities, a stereotype that seems to have guided the historians. Moreover, these authors were affected by these stereotypes to the extent that they embraced the title of “Bilad al-Sudan” which later on lost the word “Bilad”
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    حملة الأمير محمود ود أحمد إلى الشمال منذ 97 وحتى 1898
    (University of Khartoum, 1969) محمود عبدالله ابراهيم
    حملة الأمير محمود ود أحمدالى الشمال منذ 97 وحتى 1898
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    حصار وسقوط الخرطوم يناير 1884 الى 1885
    (University of Khartoum, 1970) ميمونة ميرغني حمزة
    حصار وسقوط الخرطوم يناير 1884 الى 1885