Department of Community Medicine
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ItemNuclear Medicine(uofk, 2014-11-12)The main objective of this reseash is to investigate the dose rate to staff ,patient and public in nuclear medicine departments at four hospital within Khartoum state
ItemThe Effect of Studying medical sciences on student’s hygiene( 2014-09-03)• This study was conducted to find out if there is a relation between studying medical sciences and good hygiene. • It was conducted among the medicine, engineering and computer colleges in university of Khartoum and UMST, Khartoum, Sudan. Methods: • This is an analytical cross-sectional study • A sample of 184 was selected by numbering, 92 medical and 92 non-medical • Data collected by questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS 1Oth version. Results: • The study showed that MS show better hygiene compared to NON-MS. Conclusion: • Think this difference is due to the knowledge gained by MS from their study of medical sciences, because they go through a lot of information about most of infectious diseases, their way of transmission, and the factors facilitating their spread. Also they know the fact that good personal hygiene is an important factor in the prevention of many of infectious diseases. But still, MS hygiene is not as good as expected of a group with this great knowledge. Recommendations: • Another study on this issue (effect of studying medical….) should be conduct, but we have to increase the number of participants to thousands maybe with the inclusion of other sectors of the community including medical and non-medical officers to find out the extension of the effect of medical knowledge in hygiene. • I recommend that, courses about good hygiene and its importance in the prevention of serious health problems should be taken by both medical and non medical students.
ItemAssessment of Sanitary Conditions among Food Handlers in Mass Catering Establishments in the University of Khartoum 2009(University of Khartoum, 2009)The study was a community based descriptive study that aimed to assess the hygiene practices of food handlers among food handlers in the mass catering establishments in the university of Khartoum . The study was carried out among the food handlers in the university of Khartoum . The study aimed to elucidate the hygienic condition of the food handlers and their attitudes in handling , catering & preserving food , & their interaction . The data was collected using personal interviews with the food handlers , then analyzed by computer using SPSS program version 17.00. The study revealed that 11% of the food handlers are illiterate , and their knowledge about the way of transmission of food borne diseases were 8% for Typhoid , %16.3 for bacterial gastritis , 16.3 for HepatitisA , 23.8 for Giardiasis and 22.5 for Dysentery. Also 83.8% of them handle food with bare hands , and 41.3% have no special clothes for work . Regarding gender all of the food handlers in the university of Khartoum were males , and 83.3% were Sudanese , 15% Egyptian and 1.3% Ethiopian . Regarding the hand hygiene 77.5% washes their hand with water & soap before handling food & about 60% cut their nails regularly . And considering the water supply 32.5% transfer water in barrels that only19.2% of them are cleaned properly. It was concluded that the cafeterias studied did not have appropriate hygienic conditions, suggesting the need for interventions that ensure the quality of food served to the students and staff
ItemThe study of patients, privacy and confidentiality in the inpatient clinics in Khartoum teaching hospitals in the period June/2012(University of Khartoum, 2012): Confidentiality is one of the core tenets of medical practice. The nature of patient care, however, poses a number of vulnerable and intimate situations with healthcare providers and more generally in the health care environment. Ensuring privacy is one of the goals needed to improve, preserve, and protect the health of the patient
ItemKnowledge,Attiude and Practice toward Pesonal Hygiene among Basic School Children(University of Khartoum, 2007)Hygiene refers to practices associated with ensuring good health and cleanliness and it is a science that deals with the promotion and preservation of health . The research will estimate the knowledge of children and their attitude and actual practice toward personal hygiene. Study is descriptive, Cross – Sectional community based study , the target Group was pupils of 2nd to 7th class in Alshaheed Alwasyla aldo and Badr Alkobra basic schools . Sample size was 126 of pupils (57 are boys and 69 are girls ) Sample technique by simple and systemic randomly sampling . The results emphasize that the knowledge of pupils toward personal hygiene is fortunately good as we can see in figure (1) (87.7%) of boys know the importance hand washing and (86.8%) of girls know the importance of hand washing . Also in figure (10) 100% of girls and (94.7%) of boys know the importance of nails cutting. Also in table (6) (70.6%) believe that brushing teeth important for prevention from dental caries . So by far, pupils know about simple health issues as personal hygiene which is an important issue that can lead to high level wellness if applied on practice .