Department of Development of Curricula and Teaching Methods

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    وحدة مقترحة لتدريس مادة النحو باستخدام السبورة الذكية وأثرها على التحصيل الدراسى لدى تلاميذ الصف السابع من مرحلة التعليم الأساسي بمحلية أمدرمان مدرسة أحمد بشير العبادي نموذجاً
    (University of Khartoum, ) ., رشيدة محمد عبدالرحمن الماحي ; كمال الدين محمد هاشم ; المناهج و طرق التدريس
    This study aims at evaluating Arabic Grammar and the methods of its teaching in the seventh grade of basic education, in order to identify strength and weakness points, and then design a sophisticated educational unit for teaching Arabic grammar, using the smart board, hence applying it and measure its impact on the achievement of seventh grade students. The researcher adopted the descriptive and experimental methods. Two samples were selected; the first sample consisted of 50 male and female teachers from Khartoum State teachers, selected randomly. The second sample included 104 female students from the 7th grade of Ahmed Bashir Alabbadi basic School, selected intentionally, due to the existence of smart boards in this school. For data collection, a questionnaire, pre, and post-achieving test were used. Treatments and statistical analysis were conducted using Chi square, and T test have been applied using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study came to a number of findings, the most important of which are: There Web clear weakness in the academic achievement of 7th grade students of Arabic grammar from the prospective of Khartoum State teachers. Therefore, a sophisticated educational unit for teaching Arabic grammar was designed. The experimental study demonstrated that there are statistically significant differences (0.05) in the academic achievement, according to Bloom taxonomy and its six levels in the post experimental test between the experimental group and control group, in favor of the experimental group. In light of these findings, the researcher recommended that it is necessary to insert electronic techniques in teaching Arabic grammar, and apply this sophisticated unit in many other basic schools.
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    برنامج مقترح لتنمية مهارتي القراءة والكتابة لدى تلاميذ الحلقة الثانية بمرحلة التعليم الأساسي بمحلية ام درمان
    (جامعة الخرطوم, ) منال مصطفى طه سلطان ; كمال الدين محمد هاشم ; المناهج وطرق التدريس
    The study aimed at identifying the points of strength and weakness in reading and writing skills for the pupils of second grade of the basic education in Omdurman locality, so as to design a suggested program for developing these two skills. The researcher adopted the descriptive analytical method. A random sample from the pupils of 14 schools, out of the 27 schools in northern Omdurman sector was selected An observation check list was used as a tool for evaluating the performance of the pupils in reading and writing skills. Two groups (experimental + control) were used to measure the effect of the suggested program upon the purposive sample, which consists of 60 pupils in Abdulrahaman Alhadi basic school. For data analysis the researcher used the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). The evaluation of the study has come to a number of findings, the most important are: First, in reading skill the study showed that: The pupils of the second grade of basic education did not properly master reading skill and there was general weakness in reading skills like: distinguishing between similar letters in reading as fellow: Distinguishing between the “gaf” sound and “Ghain” sound, and between “thal” sound and “Zain” sound, also between “haa” sound and tied “taa” sound. There was a moderate degree of mastering some of reading skills, such as: Distinguishing “Al Alshamsyah” in which the “L” sound is not clearly pronounced For “Al Algamariah” in which the “L” sound is clearly pronounced, and also they had a moderate standard in reading the preposition attached to nouns. Secondly in writing skill the study showed that there was no high degree of mastering writing skills. And there was also general weakness in this skill, represented in the unproper sitting to writing, and also in distinguishing between writing the “ha” and the tied “ta”. The pupils mastered some writing skill to a moderate degree, such as: Distinguishing similar letters in shape (Dad(ض) and tha(ظ)), and also adding vowels forms to the Arabic words in a proper way. Based on the findings, of the practical side of the study, the results of the application of the proposed program for the development of pupil’s reading and writing skills showed that there were statistically significant differences in the developmeant of pupils ‘reading and writing skills for the benefit of the experimental group, on which this program has been applied . The study came out with these recommendations: Attention must be paid to reading and writing skills. It is necessary that teachers should use correct and simple Language when teaching reading and writing skills. It is also necessary to focus on pronouncing the similar letters correctly, when teaching reading and writing topics. The researcher also recommended that this proposed program should be applied with larger group of pupils from second grade in basic education.
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    قضايا تعليم اللغة العربية في مناطق التداخل اللغوي بمعتمدية الخرطوم الصف الخامس الأبتدائي
    (University of Khartoum, ) سلوى محمد عبادي ; محمد زايد بركة ; المناهج وطرق التدريس
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    Factors Affecting Teachers Use of Computers As Perceived by Rural School Principals
    (University of Khartoum, ) Elmusharaf, Mudawi M. ; -
    Factors Affecting Teachers Use of Computers As Perceived by Rural School Principals
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    علوم الحاسوب للصف الثاني للمرحلة الثانوية من وجهة نظر المعلمين بولاية الخرطوم
    (University of Khartoum, ) إيهاب حسن عبدالرحمن حسن ; عبدالغني ابراهيم محمد ; Department of Development of Curricula and Teaching Methods
    The study aimed at evaluating the subject of computer sciences for the second grade at secondary schools in teachers’ point of views at Khartoum state. The researcher adopted the descriptive methodology and content analysis. The study population comprised 351 computer science subject male and female teachers at Khartoum state. The researcher selected a random sample of 40 male and female teachers in Omdurman locality. He used the questionnaire as a tool for collecting data and he also analyzed the content. The study has come to a number of findings; the most important are: computer science subject contributes to some extend to achieve the objectives of secondary level of education. Assessment and evaluation methods – to some extend – are inappropriate. The study recommended that practice should get more attention in teaching computer in all secondary schools and training courses should be held for computer science subject teachers to cope up with the scientific and technological development.