Department of Folklore

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    تنمية وتطوير المنتجات الحِرَفيّة في السودان "الشملة" أنموذجاً
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2020) صالح كمال حمد عبدالله
    مستخلص عنوان البحث: تطوير المنتجات الحِرَفيّة في السودان، "الشملة"أ نموذجاً". إسم الطالب: صالح كمال حمد عبد الله الدرجة: ماجستير الفولكلور يهدف هذا البحث إلى التعرف على حرفة نسيج الصوف التقليدية في السودان وأنواع المنتجات التي تشتمل عليها، وكذلك الاستخدامات المختلفة لهذه المنتجات وأدوارها الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والبيئية في حياة الناس في المجتمع المحلي، كما تتعرض الدراسة للمخاطر التي تتهددها، والتي على رأسها خطر الانقراض. استعان الباحث بأسلوب الملاحظة المباشرة والمقابلة في عملية جمع البيانات، مستهدياً بمنهج العمل الميداني في جمع الثقافة المادية، كما أتبعت الدراسة المنهج الوصفي،والمنهج التطبيقي التحليلي لإثبات وجهة نظر الباحث، مستعيناً بالتصوير الفوتغرافي والتسجيل الصوتي والرسومات التوضيحية.كان من أهم النتائج أن دراسة حرفة نسيج الصوف قد قادت لبعض الحقائق التاريخية، مثل ارتباط هذا الموروث بثقافة الجزيرة العربية، والتي يمكن من خلالها تتبع حركة وأصول القبائل العربية في السودان من خلال المنتجات وطرق الإنتاج وأسماء الأدوات وخواصها. ودللت الدراسة كذلك على قدرة الحرف والصناعات التقليدية على التكيف والتوافق والتبيؤ، كما دللت بشكل واضح على أهمية وظيفة المنتج التقليدي لضمان استمراريته، وأن بعض المنتجات يمكن أن تتحور وتؤدي وظائف جديدة وتضمن بذلك استمراريتها. ومن أهم توصيات البحث إنشاء مؤسسة حكومية متخصصة بموضوع الإدارة والتخطيط ووضع النظمواللوائح والإشراف على ممارسة الحرف والصناعات التقليدية في السودان، تفعيل برامج الأسر المنتجة بالتعاون مع وزارة الشؤون الاجتماعية، تيسير القروض الميسرة للحرفيين من صناديق الإقراض والتمويل والبنوك الحكومية والتجارية،العمل على تشبيك الخريجين من كليات التصميم المختلفة مع الحرفيين لتكوين مؤسسات مشتركة في قطاع الحرف بقصد الإنتاج والتسويق مع تدريبهم على قواعد تصميم وتطوير المنتجات، التوثيق الشامل للحرف والصناعات التقليدية، إنشاء متحف خاص بالحرف والصناعات التقليدية بالتنسيق مع هيئة الآثار والمتاحف، وتخصيص قناة تعليمية خاصة بالحرف ضمن منظومة التعليم عن بعد.   Abstract Research title: Developing of Handicraft Products in the Sudan, "Shamla" as a case study. Name of student: Salih Kamal Hamad Abdallah. Degree: M. A. This study aims to identify the traditional wool weaving craft in Sudan and the types of products it includes, as well as the different uses of these products and their economic, social and environmental roles in the lives of people in the local community, and the study is also exposed to the dangers that threaten it, which is the risk of extinction..The researcher used the method of direct observation and interview in the process of data collection, guided by the method of field work in the collection of material culture. The research also followed the descriptive approach and the applied analytical approach, using photography, sound recording and illustrations.One of the most important results was that the study of the wool weaving craft led to some historical facts, such as the connection of this heritage to the culture of the Arabian Peninsula, through which the movement and origins of the Arab tribes in Sudan can be traced through products, production methods, the names of the tools and their properties. The research also demonstrated the ability of traditional crafts and industries to adapt, adjust and develop, It also clearly demonstrated the importance of the traditional product’s function to ensure its durability, and that some products can mutate and perform new functions and thus ensure their continuity.. Among the most important recommendations of this research is the establishment of a government institution specialized in the subject of administration, planning, setting of systems and regulations, and supervision of practicing crafts and traditional industries in Sudan, activating productive families' programs in cooperation with the Ministry of Social Affairs, facilitating easy loans for craftsmen from loan and financing funds and governmental and commercial banks, and working to network graduates from various design colleges with artisans to form joint institutions in the crafts sector with the aim of production and marketing with training them on the rules for designing and developing products, comprehensive documentation of crafts and traditional industries, establishing a museum for crafts and traditional industries in coordination with the Antiquities and Museums Authority, and allocating an educational channel for crafts within the distance learning system .
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    الثقافة المادية للطرق الصوفية وأثرها في فهم الثقافة السودانية مسيد طيبة الشيخ عبدالباقي أنموذجا
    (University of Khartoum, ) ., هالة عبدالعال ساتي الحسن ; سليمان يحي محمد ; قسم الفولكلور
    This study presents an analysis of Sufi material objects in the area of Taibah Sheikh Abdul Bagi, where the maseed (Sufi centre) of the Qadiriyah Arakkiya, one of the oldest and largest in Sudan, was established, combining Quran memorization and medical treatment. The aim of the study was to research the objects used in the maseed to find out their role in our understanding of Sudanese culture. The study is based on analytical descriptive approach, in addition to the historical method. Afield work is conducted in the research area during which oral history is collected through interview with sheikh disciples (heeraan); this is beside photography. It is clear that the material objects were able to get out of the framework of the maseed to the community at large; objects such as wooden bed (angareeb), whip and rosary are now associated with many customs and traditions in the Sudanese society as many of them were referred to in popular literature such as butaan (whipping), thus, reflecting penetration of the whip into the popular culture of Sudan. There are many recommendations, most important of which is the in-depth study of Sufi Orders in general and their material culture in particular, as well as the documentation of heritage and folk literature as it relates to the Sudanese culture.
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    An analysis of the Nuba Mountain Language Survey
    (University of Khartoum, ) Sidahmed, Mohamed yousif ; Herman Bell
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    An Analysis of the Bari Noun Phrase
    (University of Khartoum, 2015-09-13) Mustafa, Mawahib Altayeb ; Al-Amin Abu-Manga Mohamed ; Department of Sudanese and African languages
    This research is a descriptive study of one of the Nilo-Saharan languages spoken in Republic of South Sudan; namely, the Bari language. It tries to describe and analyze the structure of noun phrase in Bari focusing on the main grammatical categories of the noun phase in this language. It aims at identifying the different word classes and the form of the noun phase in Bari and to making a preliminary description of the noun phase in the language and the way it functions. The linguistic data were collected during formal sessions with four Bari native speakers living in Hai al-Baraka in Khartoum North in the period from December 2012 to January 2013; in addition to meetings with other members of the Bari community in the same area. Moreover, the researcher remained always in touch with the above four informants for further linguistic clarifications or data elucidations. The study adopted different techniques during collecting the data, including elicitation of sentences and word list compilation. The study used the descriptive method in analyzing the data. The study came out with a number of findings, most important being that all modifiers in Bari noun phrase follow the head noun, except the demonstrative, which occurs always in initial word position. Bari, being a gender language, all modifiers in its noun phrases are marked for gender. However, in possessive NP the gender marker appears exclusively on the ‘possessed’. In adj. NP, the adj. follows the head noun, but if there are two adjectives, the first one precedes the head noun and other one follows it. Another finding is that adj. is marked for gender and not number (i.e. the same form of adj. modifies the noun in both singular and plural). The researcher recommended future research on Bari, particularly on some phonological issues related to the structure of noun phrase and verbal syntax.
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    طقوس العبور ودورة الحياة عند قبيلة الرشايدة
    (University of Khartoum, 2015-06-13) هويدا عثمان صديق ; يوسف حسن مدني
    This study provides a review and analysis of the rites of passage in Rashayda tribe in the area of Kassala. It examines the historical roots and cultural origins of these ritual practices. Their oral statement informs that they emigrated from the Arabian Peninsula, and this was confirmed by the published researches about them as was mentioned in the literature review. The study proved that Rashayda continued to practice some aspects of the culture of their country of origin; nevertheless, the local environment had its own reflections on this culture. Based on this study, we came to know that the practiced rituals in pregnancy childbirth, circumcision, infibulations, and marriage aim to protect the individual from the risks and crises to which the individuals are deemed vulnerable due to the occult for less and evil eye, as was so believed. However, the ceremonies and rituals concerning any of the life’s stages, perform the same role and function despite the difference in the forms of practice. Rituals reflect the cultural components of the society which comprise beliefs, traditional knowledge and their relationship which the natural, economic and social inurnment in the framework of historical accumulation. On the other hand, the practicing of these victuals reflects degree of collaboration between the members of the society and it has an important role in the achievement of positive social bonds. It was evident from the different motifs concerning every ceremony that they were influence by various cultures. For instance we find there motifs which were practiced in the childbirth ceremony and they were influences by the local Sudanese culture, and among them the cauterization of the gingival protuberances. As for social upbringing, we find the circumcision and infibulations practices in which there is a difference in their cultural source – whether it is of Arabic or Pharaoh Origin. Marriage ceremonies preserved the practices the country of origin, as we see in the practice of reservation or a girl betrothal since her childhood which was known to them as"El-Girie’" and high payments for the bridegroom parents. And as for the death ceremony we find the Jewish culture relics as was evident in the burying process. There is an illustrative drawing showing this method of burial, in the annexes of this research in addition to the informant’s statement which we also attached in the annexes. It became evident from the researches review the importance of the folklore science in providing human knowledge with historical, social and cultural facts, revealed many aspects concerning human life. It is possible through the study of the rites of passage in particular, and the folklore, in general, to arrive to the fact of the cultural composition which highlights the units of cultural diversity in the Sudan as it reveals the Arab, African, Pharaoh, and local influence. The collaboration of all human disciplines with the folklore science will enhance the expositions of the historical and social facts and the arrival to the new scientific facts putting into consideration the natural, economic and social contexts in the framework of the historical accumulation which will lead to the correction of the understanding of the study of the Sudanese culture...