Arts -French language

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    UNE COMPARAISON ENTRE LES PERSONNAGES D'OURIDA DANS LE QUAI AUX FLEURS NE REPOND PLUS DE MALEK HADDAD ET HASNA DANS LA SAISON DE LA MIGRATION VERS LE NORD DE TAYEB SALIH
    (University of Khartoum, 2020) Lubna Ahmed ELTAYEB
    This work is a comparative study between the characters of Ourida in le Quai aux fleurs ne répond plus of the Algerian writer Malek Haddad and Hasna in the Season of migration to the North (Mawsim al hijra ilâ al-chamâl) of the Sudanese writer Tayeb Salih. The life of these two women begins peacefully, they lead a calm life with their families. Yet the end of their lives is catastrophic. Ourida betrays her husband and her homeland. Hasna commits suicide and kills her second husband Waad Rayyès. The gap between the beginning and the end, of these women, arouses our curiosity towards the realization of this study. Our objective is to ask the following question "are these two female characters real culprits or victims of their societies?" In order to carry out this study, we use the method of semiotic analysis of a character from Philippe Hamon. This study concludes with results. We cannot definitively classify these women as guilty or victims. They are the product of their societies. They suffer the consequences of a society colonized sometimes by a real foreign colonizer and sometimes by a traditional mentality. The marvelous beginning of the life of these women and the terrible end of their lives raise a controversy in the fictional universe of the novel and the referential world. This in turn creates an interaction between the author, the characters and the reader. Haddad and Salih invite a reader to participate in the narrative world and doing a kind of reading writing. So this technique makes a literary work an interactive platform bringing an audience of different races and all backgrounds.
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    THE SEMIOTIC ANALYSIS OF THE CHARACTER OF GASTON IN LE VOYAGEUR SANS BAGAGE BY JEAN ANOILH
    (University of Khartoum, 2022) Lubna Ahmed ELTAYEB
    Abstract: Our article focuses on the character of Gaston in le Voyageur sans bagage de Jean Anouilh. This piece tells the story of Jacques who became amnesic during the First World War. They put him in an asylum. He is called Gaston as he does not know his real identity. The importance of this piece comes from the highlighting of an ancient and modern subject at the same time; it is the eternal conflict between good and evil. Anouilh depicts this conflict in three levels. It begins with the conflict inside Gaston between his past and his present. Then the conflict between Gaston and the society to which he belongs. Adding to this, the conflict represented by war. So we choose to attack this subject through the character of Gaston for reasons. We can cite firstly the rich character of Gaston who lives in conflict with himself (Jacques). Secondly, the originality of the subject of the conflict between good and evil. Thirdly, its modernity because it affects our lives even at the social, political, psychological level, etc. We will use the method of semiotic analysis of a character according to Philipe Hamon. We get results. On the one hand man needs to confront himself and his society in order to free himself from the baseness of the earthly world. It must nourish the soul as it nourishes the body to rise and develop. On the other hand, Man, by nature, is a seeker of happiness but this happiness should not be built on the misery of the other.
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    THE THEME OF FEAR IN THE TALE OF LA PEUR BY GUY DE MAUPASSANT
    (University of Khartoum, 2022) Lubna Ahmed ELTAYEB
    Abstract: This study focuses on the theme of fear in the tale of la Peur by Guy de Maupassant. La Peur contains three stories with a common theme of fear. We focus on the second and third stories. The first story takes place in Algeria and the second story takes place in France. In order to carry out our study, we use both thematic analysis to analyze the theme of fear, and psychology to define the conception of fear. The importance of our study comes from its double psychological and literary value. Maupassant makes a careful study of fear, highlighting a picture of real life dominated by excessive fear. We aim, through this type of study, to always note the importance of literature as a point of intersection between the human sciences on the one hand and humanity on the other hand. We end up with results, the most important of which is that pathological fear is an enemy within us. Pathological fear is not like normal fear constituting an alarm bell against dangers; on the contrary it destroys our life and contaminates our surroundings. We must face it instead of escaping from. This type of story and study is one of the means of developing our knowledge of this destructive emotion at the depth of our souls.
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    Le héros quêteur et le héros victime à travers le Petit Poucet de Charles Perrault
    (University of Khartoum, 2020) Lubna Ahmed Eltayeb
    Résumé Notre article est une étude analytique portant sur le personnage du héros victime et du héros quêteur à travers le conte de Charles Perrault le Petit Poucet. Le petit Poucet et ses frères sont abandonnés seuls par leurs parents dans la forêt. Ceux-ci n'arrivent pas à nourrir leurs enfants à cause de la famine de la pauvreté. En dépassant une série de dangers, le petit Poucet arrive à délivrer sa fratrie et rétablir le bonheur de sa famille. Nous choisissons ce sujet afin de répondre à la question de comment Perrault nous dépeint le petit Poucet comme un héros à la fois victime et quêteur? Et pourquoi? Nous nous servons de la méthode analytique de Vladimir Propp afin d'analyser le Petit Poucet. Résultats acquis: d'abord, ce conte de Perrault est basé sur une intrigue universelle. Il dépeint en forme narrative et imaginaire le parcours réel de l'homme -où il soit- en quête de soi et de bonheur. Puis ce conte est adressé aux différentes tranches d'âges. .Ensuite, La mixtion entre le réel et le merveilleux permet à ce conte de se glisser dans notre inconscient afin de nous aider à vaincre des sentiments négatifs comme la peur et l'angoisse. Enfin, un conte, en générale, constitue une langue commune jouant un rôle médiateur entre les peuples au monde entier
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    LA NOTION DE LIBERTÉ À TRAVERS LA TEMPÊTE DE SHAKESPEARE ET UNE TEMPÊTE D'AIMÉ CÉSAIRE
    (University of Khartoum, 2021) Lubna Ahmed ELTAYEB
    Our article is a comparative study of The Tempest by Shakespeare and Une Tempête by Aimé Césaire. Shakespeare and Césaire are seekers of freedom, either the freedom of the soul or the freedom of man. So, they feature symbolic characters like Prospero and Caliban. Prospero symbolizes the white colonizer at the start of colonization. He seeks his freedom from hateful feelings such as revenge. He does this by launching his punitive storm against the usurpers of his throne and by purifying all his negative feelings. Caliban is a rebellious black man. He was in The Tempest the humble servant of Prospero. In Une Tempête, Caliban seeks his freedom from slavery and that of his island usurped by Prospero. Our work focuses on how each author introduces the notion of freedom through the protagonists: Prospero and Caliban. And as the staging of the two pieces diverges in time and space, we approached the theme of freedom as a sociogrammatic configuration. The sociogram is a founding concept of Claude Duchet's theory: sociocriticism. The sociogram allows us to treat the theme of freedom according to the society of the text and reference society. This study leads to the following results. Freedom goes through stages. It begins in Shakespeare's Tempest with the arrival of the human soul to wisdom and forgiveness. In Césaire's Tempest, freedom is revealed as a refusal of any cultural and territorial domination of one race over another. Yet, for the two authors, freedom is the quest for human life, either freedom from earthly whims or from the domination of others. Moreover, freedom is an inseparable notion from humanity. Man needs to regain his humanity to deserve his freedom.