Department of Arabic Language

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    ‫اﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻛﺘﺎب اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﺎرﯾﺦ ﻻﺑﻦ اﻷﺛﯿﺮ 630هـ/1233م‬‬
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2020-12) ‫ﻣﺮوة ﺳﻌﯿﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﺒﺪﷲ‬
    ‫ﻋﻧوان اﻟﺑﺣث ‪ :‬اﻟﺷﻌر ﻓﻲ ﻛﺗﺎب اﻟﻛﺎﻣل ﻓﻲ اﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺦ ﻻﺑن اﻷﺛﯾر )ت ‪630‬ﻫـ ‪1233/‬م(‬ ‫اﻟدرﺟﺔ ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﺟﺳﺗﯾر اﻵداب ﻓﻲ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻟﻌرﺑﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﺳم اﻟطﺎﻟﺑﺔ ‪ :‬ﻣروة ﺳﻌﯾد ﻣﺣﻣد ﻋﺑداﷲ‬ ‫ﻫذا اﻟﺑﺣث د ارﺳﺔ أدﺑﯾﺔ ﻟﻛﺗﺎب اﻟﻛﺎﻣل ﻓﻲ اﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺦ وﺗﺄﺗﻲ أﻫﻣﯾﺗﻪ أﻧﻪ ﯾدرس اﻟﻧﺻوص اﻷدﺑﯾﺔ ﻣن ﻣﺻدر‬ ‫ﺗﺎرﯾﺧﻲ ﻓﯾﻣﻛن أن ﯾﻛون إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻟﻣﺻﺎدر اﻟﺗ ارث اﻷدﺑﻲ واﻟد ارﺳﺎت اﻷدﺑﯾﺔ واﻟﻧﻘدﯾﺔ ‪ ،‬وﻗد ﻫدﻓت اﻟﺑﺎﺣﺛﺔ ﻣن‬ ‫ﺧﻼل ﻫذﻩ اﻟد ارﺳﺔ إﻟﻰ ﺟﻣﻠﺔ ﻣن اﻷﻫداف ﻣﻧﻬﺎ ‪ :‬ﻣﻌرﻓﺔ ﻣﻛﺎﻧﺔ اﺑن اﻷﺛﯾر اﻟﻌﻠﻣﯾﺔ ‪ٕ ،‬واﺑ ارز ﻣﻧﻬﺟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺄﻟﯾف‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺎﺑﻪ )اﻟﻛﺎﻣل( ورﺻدﻩ ﻟﻸﺣداث ﺑدﻗﺔ ‪ ،‬ورﺻد وﺗﺑوﯾب اﻷﺷﻌﺎر اﻟﺗﻲ وردت ﻓﻲ ﻛﺗﺎﺑﻪ وﻣﻌرﻓﺔ ﺧﺻﺎﺋﺻﻬﺎ‬ ‫وﻣﻣﯾ ازﺗﻬﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺣﯾث ﯾﻬدف اﻟﺑﺣث أﯾﺿﺎً إﻟﻰ اﻟوﻗوف ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺿﺎﯾﺎ اﻟﺷﻌر ﻓﻲ ﻛﺗﺎب اﻟﻛﺎﻣل واﻟوﻗوف أﯾﺿﺎً ﻋﻧد‬ ‫دور اﻟﻣؤرﺧﯾن وﻛﺗب اﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺦ ﻓﻲ رﺻد أﺷﻌﺎر اﻷﻣم اﻟﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ واﻟﺗﺄﻛﯾد ﻋﻠﻰ أن اﻷدب اﻟﻌرﺑﻲ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺻﺎدر ﻣﺗﻌددة‬ ‫ﻣﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﺗب اﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺦ‪ .‬وﻗد ﺳﺎرت اﻟدارﺳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻫذ اﻟﺑﺣث ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧطﻰ اﻟﻣﻧﻬﺞ اﻟوﺻﻔﻲ اﻟﺗﺣﻠﯾﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﯾث ﺟﻣﻌت‬ ‫اﻟﺑﺎﺣﺛﺔ ﻛل ﻗﺿﺎﯾﺎ اﻟﺷﻌر ﻓﻲ ﻛﺗﺎب )اﻟﻛﺎﻣل( وﺗم ﺷرح ﻣﻌﺎﻧﻲ اﻷﺑﯾﺎت واﻟﻘﺻﺎﺋد اﻟﺗﻲ أوردﻫﺎ اﻟﻣؤﻟف ﻣﺳﺗﺷﻬداً‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌض ﺣوادث اﻟزﻣﺎن وأﺧﺑﺎر اﻷﻣم اﻟﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺗﻔﺻﯾل أﻏ ارض اﻟﺷﻌر اﻟﻌرﺑﻲ وﺗﻘﺳﯾم اﻟﺷﻌر إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣذاﻫب وﻓرق ﺳﯾﺎﺳﯾﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣر اﻟﻌﺻور اﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺧﯾﺔ ﺣﺗﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﯾﺔ ﻋﺻر اﻟﻣؤﻟف‪ .‬وﻣن ﺧﻼل ذﻟك ﺗوﺻﻠت‬ ‫اﻟﺑﺎﺣﺛﺔ إﻟﻰ ﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ ﻋدة ﻣن أﻫﻣﻬﺎ‪ :‬أن ﻛﺗﺎب اﻟﻛﺎﻣل ﻗد اﺣﺗوى ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻛﺛﯾر ﻣن اﻟﻘﺻﺎﺋد اﻟﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ واﻟﻣﻘطوﻋﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺷﻌرﯾﺔ واﻷﺑﯾﺎت اﻟﻣﻔردة واﻵرﺟو ازت وأﻧواع أﺧرى ﻣن اﻟﺷﻌر‪ .‬واﺷﺗﻣل ﻋﻠﻰ أﺷﻌﺎر ﻟﺑﻌض اﻟﺷﻌ ارء وﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﯾر ﻣوﺟودة ﻓﻲ دواوﯾﻧﻬم ‪ ،‬ورﺑﻣﺎ ﯾﻛون اﻟﻛﺎﻣل ﻫو اﻟﻣﺻدر اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﻟﻬﺎ‪ .‬وﻗد ﻛﺎن ﻻﺑن اﻷﺛﯾر ﻣﻼﺣظﺎت‬ ‫وآ ارء ﻧﻘدﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻛﺛﯾر ﻣن اﻷﺷﻌﺎر اﻟﺗﻲ وردت ﻓﻲ ﻛﺗﺎب )اﻟﻛﺎﻣل( ‪ ،‬ﻛذﻟك ﺧرﺟت اﻟﺑﺎﺣﺛﺔ ﺑﺑﻌض اﻟﻣﻘﺗرﺣﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻣﺛﻠت ﻓﻲ ‪ :‬إﺟ ارء د ارﺳﺎت ﻣﻣﺎﺛﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺗب آﺧرى ﻣن ﻛﺗب اﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺦ اﻟﻌرﺑﻲ واﻟﺳﯾرة‪ٕ ،‬واﺟ ارء ﺑﺣوث ﻧﺣوﯾﺔ‬ ‫وﺻرﻓﯾﺔ وﺑﻼﻏﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻧﺻوص اﻷدﺑﯾﺔ اﻟﺗﻲ اﺷﺗﻣل ﻋﻠﯾﻬﺎ ﻛﺗﺎب اﻟﺗﻲ اﺷﺗﻣل ﻋﻠﯾﻬﺎ ﻛﺗﺎب اﻟﻛﺎﻣل‪.‬‬ Abstract Research Title: Poem in the “Complete" Book on History By Ibn Al Athir Master Degree of Arts in Arabic language Name of Student: Marwa Saeed Mohamed Abdalla This research is aliterary research on the Ccomplete Book on History and its importance stems from the fact that it studies literary texts from historic source and it can be an addition to the literary heritage sources, the literary and critical studies. The researcher aimed by this study to a totality of targets of which is knowing the literary position of Ibn Al athir and highlighting his approach in writing his book ( The Complete) and monitoring events accurately as well as indexing the poems stated in his book and figuring out their characteristics and features whereby it aims at getting acquainted with poem issues in the complete book along with figuring out the role of historians and history books in highlighting the poems of the ancestor Nations , ensuring that the Arabic literature has multiple sources including history books. The study adopted in this research the steps of the descriptive analytical approach whereby the researcher compiled all the issues of poem in the "complete" book , the meanings of the verses and poems stated by the writer were explained citing them as testaments of some events of old times and news of the ancestor nations along with detailing the purposes of the Arabic poems and dividing poetry into doctrines and political groups over historic times up to the end of the age of the writer . Through this the researcher came to the conclusion of important findings top of which is : That the book of "complete " has contained many complete poetry and pieces of poem verses , plaques and other types of poem. It included other poems of poets which are non-existent in their poetry Diwans and may be the "the complete book" is their main source. Ibn Al athir had remarks and critical viewpoints in many of the poetry stated in the "complete" book. Also the researcher came up with some proposals represented in conducting a similar study on other books of Arab history and biography as well as conducting grammar , morphology and metaphor researches on the literary texts contained in the book of "complete"
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    القيم الخلقية في الشعر الجاهلي
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2018) عبدالعزيز ادم محمد اسحاق
    Abstract Research Title: Congenital Values in Pre-Islamic Poetry Name of student: Abdul Aziz Adam Mohammed Ishaq Abstract: Doctor of Philosophy in Arabic Language This study aims to highlight the major values in pre-Islamic poetry and to identify its origins and recognize its sources. The study adopts the descriptive analytical approach to analyze the verses related to the study of the phenomenon in order to find out its reason and the factors that control it, and to draw conclusions and generalize them. It relies on the important primary sources; namely, the anthologies in the pre-Islamic era and the secondary sources such as the tribes' books and the anthology books which include pendants, preferences, essays, and the majority of Arabic poems. The study came out with several results, the most important of which are that; the Arabs have developed a moral system of their own which linked to the conditions of their environment, their lifestyle and the level of their culture, the study also revealed that the fragility of the environment made the individual in the pre-Islamic era relies on his tribe, which cultivated the spirit of bravery, sacrifice, and victory. Additionally, the value of fulfilling promises became a law that is familiar to the ignorant and has contributed greatly to the unification of Arab tribes and distinguished from other nations. Moreover, the research revealed that the value of generosity is one of the highest values in the pre-Islamic era, in which the rich competed in providing food, which is a social and behavioral value that brought about happiness to the poor and the passersby and helped them overcome the harsh natural factors where water and food were scarce, finally, the researcher recommends studying the major values (wisdom, courage, chastity, and justice) in detail. He also recommends the study of the following values in poetry and prose; justice, equality, chastity, generosity, and advocacy of peace.
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    آراء عبدالله الطيب النقديَّة في المرشد إلى فهم أشعار العرب وصناعتها دراسة نقديّة في الجزء الأول
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2020) اسامة تاج السر أحمد حسين
    مستخلص يهدف هذا البحث إلى عرض آراء عبدالله الطيب النقدية التي وردت في الجزء الأول من "المرشد إلى فهم أشعار العرب وصناعتها"، ونقد هذه الآراء، وبيان مناهجه واختلافها. وتكمن أهمية البحث في كونه يبرز منهاج المرشد، وأهم قضاياه، وسبب عدم التناسب بين قيمته ا لعلمية وإفادة طالب العلم منه. اتبع الباحث أكثر من منهج، بحسب ما تمليه ظروف البحث، بين الوصفي، والتحليلي، والاستقرائي، والنقدي، والسيميائي، والبنيوي. أهم نتائج هذا البحث: أن عبدالله الطيب قد اتبع طريقتين في تأليفه؛ الأولى جاءت ردًّا على النقاد القدماء، والمستشرقين، والمعاصرين. والثانية افتراعًا للقضايا دون أن يكون منشغلًا بالرد على غيره؛ وأن التناقض الذي يبدو أحيانا ًفي بعض الآراء مرده إلى إحدى طريقتي التأليف؛ وأن الدرس العروضي الذي أقامه عبدالله الطيب لم يكن غرضه العروض لذاته، وإنما البحث خلف إطار الوزن الكبير عن كثير من الأطر الصغرى، وهي التي أسماها الإيقاع الداخلي في الجزء الثاني من المرشد. يوصي البحث بإعادة طباعة المرشد طبعة تتلافى كل الأخطاء السابقة، مع وضع هوامش تكمل النقص الذي يعتري كثيرًا من المواضع التي نسي فيها عبدالله الطيب مصدره أو نصَّ ما أراد. كما يوصي البحث بوضع كتاب في النقد موازٍ للمرشد، وهو الكتاب الذي انتوى كتابته عبدالله الطيب وسماه "النقد العربي من ابن سلام إلى ابن الأثير".   Abstract The aim of this research is to review the critical views of Abdalla Eltayeb in Part One of his work: Al-Murshid (The Guide to Understand Arabic Poetry & Its Composition) and to study them from critical and methodological points of view. The significance of these views is that they expose the methodology of his book and show the reason behind the disproportion or discrepancy between the scientific value of such book and the academic profit the students and general users get from it. The research adopted many methods, such as the descriptive, analytical, deductive, critique, semi-logical and structural. The most important findings of this research: Abdalla Eltayeb adopted two methods in this work: The first one was to reply to the ancient critics, orientalists and the contemporary critics; the second was to propose new critical issues without being concerned to reply to others. The contradiction that sometimes appears over some of his views is attributed to one of the two methods adopted by him in authoring this book. The prosodic lessons presented in the book were not meant for the prosody itself. The aim was to search and look in some smaller areas of research in prosody which the author called, in Part II of his work, the ‘Internal rhythm”. The research recommends a reprint Al-Murshid in such a way as to avoid previous errors, with footnotes showing and specifying the references or sources forgotten by the author. It is also recommended that a book in criticism should be authored, to be parallel to Al-Murshid, a book that Abdalla Eltayeb intended to write naming it: ‘Arabic Criticism from Ibn Sallâm to Ibn al-Athir’
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    مسائل المنصوبات في معجم تاج اللغة وصحاح العربية للجوهري (دراسة نحوية)
    (جامعة الخرطوم, 2020-10) مصلح عثمان محجوب حميدهـ
    مستخلص عنوان البحث: مسائل المنصوبات في معجم تاج اللغة وصحاح العربية للجوهري (دراسة نحوية). إعداد الطالب: مصلح عثمان محجوب حميدهـ الدرجة: ماجستير الآداب في اللغة العربية يهدف هذا البحث إلى استخراج مسائل المنصوبات المتناثرة بين صفحات معجم الصحاح، والتي يمكن من خلالها التعرف على المذهب النحوي للجوهري، إضافة إلى معرفة ما انفرد به الجوهري من آراء ومسائل نحوية، وموقفه من الشواهد النحوية، وكذلك معرفة المصادر التي اعتمد عليها الجوهري في تناوله للمسائل النحوية، علاوة على ذلك تزويد المكتبة العربية بدراسة بحثية تكشف النقاب عن هذه المسائل المتناثرة بين صفحات معجم الصحاح. وتظهر أهمية الدراسة في أنها تدور حول إمام من أئمة اللغة والنحو الذين شُهِدَ لهم بالفطنة والذكاء، وهي تقدم مسائل نحوية غنية بالشرح والتفصيل يستفيد منها الدارسون، وقد اتبعت في هذا البحث المنهج الوصفي التحليلي؛ لأنه منهج يناسب الدراسة في علوم اللغة، إذ استخدمه علماء العربية الأوائل في تناول مسائل اللغة. ومن أهم النتائج والتوصيات التي خلُصت إليها الدراسة أن الجوهري عالم نحوي وله آراء نحوية انفرد بها وهو يميل إلى المذهب الكوفي، إضافة إلى ذلك أن الجوهري أكثر من الاستشهاد بآراء الفراء النحوية تقابها قلة من استشهاد الجوهري بآراء سيبويه إمام مدرسة البصرة، كما اهتم الجوهري بالقراءات القرآنية وتوجيهاتها النحوية، وقد ساق الجوهري القراءات الشاذة موافقاً الكوفيين في الاستشهاد بالقراءة الشاذة. وأيضاً يعدُّ من أنصار الاستشهاد بالحديث النبوي ولكنه لم يُكثر من الحديث الشريف في شواهده النحوية. يوصي الباحث طلاب العلم والباحثين بالاعتناء بدراسة معجم الصحاح لما فيه من مادة غزيرة تحتاج إلى بحث ودراسة سواء كان ذلك في النحو أو الصرف أو البلاغة، أو أيّ علم من علوم اللغة العربية وبخاصة النحو حتى يكتمل الجانب النحوي لهذا العالم الجوهري. Abstract Research Title: Accusatives in Taj al-Lugha Wa Sihah al-Arabiya Dictionary by al-Jawhari (A Grammatical Study) Prepared by: Muslih Osman Mahajub Humedah Degree: Master of Arts in Arabic Language This research aims at extracting the accusatives scattered among the pages of al-Sihah dictionary, through which we can discover al-Jawhari’s grammatical approach, identifying the views and grammatical issues unique to al-Jawhari, his stance on grammatical evidence, as well as identifying the sources on which al-Jawhari relied on his approach to grammatical issues, and therefore, providing the Arab Library with a research study that unveils these issues scattered among the pages of al-Sihah dictionary. The significance of the study stems from the fact that it revolves around one of the imams of Arabic language who was known for his quick-wittedness and cleverness. It presents grammatical issues rich in explanations and details that benefit the learners of Arabic. This research used the descriptive analytical method because it suits studies on language sciences as it was used by the early Arabic language linguists to address language issues. One of the most important findings and recommendations of the study is that al-Jawhari is considered as a grammarian and has grammatical views unique to him and who inclines to the Kufic approach. Furthermore, al-Jawhari cited a great deal of al-Farra’s grammatical views while cited few of Sibawayh’s, the Imam of Basra School. al-Jawhari also paid attention to the Quranic readings (Qira’at) and their grammatical orientations. He cited the anomalous (abnormal) readings in agreement with the Kufists in their citation of the anomalous readings. Further, al-Jawhari is considered to be a supporter of the Hadith of the Prophet (Peace Be upon Him); however he did not cite many Hadith in his grammatical evidence. The researcher recommends the scholars and researchers to pay attention to studying al- Sihah dictionary as it is rich in material that need further research and study, whether in grammar, morphology or rhetoric, or any one of the Arabic language science, especially grammar, until the grammatical aspect of this grammarian (i.e. al-Jawhari) is completed.
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    القصة القرآنية وأثرها على أعمال نجيب الكيلاني
    (University of Khartoum, 2017) ., أماني أبكر أحمد عثمان
    This literary research aims to identify the extent to which Najib Al-Kilani benefited from the Quranicstory, and Holy Quran in general and the Hadith, and also benefited from history books and others. The aim of this research also to Delivering noble humanitarian goals and other good habits. For that the research titled: the story of the Quran and its impact on the work of NajibKilani, describing the Quranic story in all aspects, ofNajibKilani and his work especially Novels and stories, This research focuses on the trends in which Najib Al-Kilani worked on it, especially the Islamic way in his works. The researcher used the analytical method and used references such as book of EltaswirElfani in the Holy Quran of SayyidQutb, the short story book of Mohammad Yusuf Najm, the book of Lamahat min Hayati to Najib al-Kilani, the Islamic trend in Najib al-Kilani's works of Abdullah bin Saleh al-Arini, . The researcher reached several results, the most important of which is that Najeeb Al-Kilani used the method that was overcome by Al-Bashi, and was influenced by the Quranic method of using the Quranic vocabulary in dialogue and narration. which indicates his celebration in the language of the Qur'an and interest in it. The researcher recommended studying the books and novels of Najib Al-Kailan to benefit from it. She recommended the critical study of the stories and novels of Najib Al-Kilani and recommended a comparative study with a non-Islamic book to support the Islamic trend