University of Khartoum

Tropical Medicine in 2015

Tropical Medicine in 2015

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Title: Tropical Medicine in 2015
Author: Zijlstra, Ed E
Abstract: Tropical Medicine has changed over the years. It dates back to the middle of the 18th century and it became a formal discipline in 1900. While initially it was best described as colonial medicine aimed to protect the interests of the British Empire, later the focus shifted to include all health problems of those living in tropical areas. Tropical schools were established e.g. in London, Liverpool, Hamburg and Antwerp that taught tropical medicine as a formal discipline, that carried out research and that worked with international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO). Over the years more attention was given to prevention and control that is often mentioned in the context of International Health. In the 20th and 21st century, emergency aid in tropical areas (as provided by Médecins sans Frontières), emerging infectious diseases (e.g. dengue, SARS, MERS), HIV/AIDS, travel medicine and neglected tropical diseases were all added to the spectrum of Tropical Medicine. While recently the Ebola outbreak re-emphasized the original image of Tropical Medicine as a discipline dealing with exotic infections, the non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are now deservedly receiving more attention, illustrating the wide and complex spectrum of this specialty. Tropical medicine is probably best defined as Medicine (read Surgery, Paediatrics etc.) in the Tropics, i.e. how to practice medicine in a tropical area taking into account the local epidemiology, local expertise and often limited resources. Training and research are essential components
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10032
Date: 2015-02


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