University of Khartoum

Sustainable Development With Respect to Food Security "The Case of River Nile State"

Sustainable Development With Respect to Food Security "The Case of River Nile State"

Show full item record

Title: Sustainable Development With Respect to Food Security "The Case of River Nile State"
Author: Abdelmagid, Ihsan Ahmed Magzoub
Abstract: The study was conducted in the River Nile State (RNS). Its main objective is to assess and seek ways to sustain the process of rural development and attain food security. This study aims to investigate the socioeconomic characteristics of the population and determine the optimal production plan (cropping pattern) to achieve a higher income so as to attain the food security objective and sustain the process of development. The primary data was collected through a multi-stage random sampling technique of hundred (100) farmers in the winter season 2001/2002 using a questionnaire in addition to the secondary data collected from the relevant sources. The descriptive statistics were used to investigate the socioeconomic characteristics of the respondents, food situation, poverty status and environmental situation. Linear programming model was applied to determine the optimal cropping pattern in the five districts of the River Nile State. The descriptive statistics of the socioeconomic characteristics of the respondents revealed that 88% of the respondents are within the productive age group (20-60) years old. 85% received some sort of education with a family size of 7.53 persons. Agriculture was the main occupation and higher prices of inputs and shortage of irrigation were the main constraints in agricultural production. In addition, most of the respondents rear different types of animals and the majority of them were poor (79%). The linear programming analysis showed that the current cropping pattern was not the optimal one in term of profitability. The optimal cropping pattern the study proposed was found to be 2.66 feddan onion and 7.43 feddan tomatoes for Shendi, 14.93 feddan wheat for Eddamer, 1.99 feddan broad bean and 15.85 feddan feddan chickpea for Abuhamad, 6.7 feddan broad bean and 3.4 feddan onion for Elmatama and 3.12 feddan broad bean and 13.73 feddan chickpea for Barber district, which was better compared to the current one by 35.7%, 32.2%, 19.8%, 52.7% and 19% for Shendi, Eddamer, Abuhamd, Almatama and Barber, respectively, in term of gross income. In addition, the study does not recommended wheat production in all districts except Eddamer. The sensitivity analysis revealed that wheat could be produced economically in both Abuhamed and Barber if the price increased by 25%. For sustaining rural development and achieve household food security objective the study recommends the followings: Pooling of the small-holding in cooperative farms Provision of inputs on time and at reasonable prices,Strengthening the extension and marketing system ,Avail the medical and basic services and establishing the suitable infrastructure, Substitute the current cropping pattern by the proposed one, Construction of monitoring and evaluating units with farmers participation
Description: August - 2003
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10459
Date: 2015-05-10


Files in this item

Files Size Format View Description

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account