University of Khartoum

Women Participation in Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development Process in South Kordofan State: The Case of the Area Rehabilitation Scheme- Kadugli

Women Participation in Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development Process in South Kordofan State: The Case of the Area Rehabilitation Scheme- Kadugli

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Title: Women Participation in Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development Process in South Kordofan State: The Case of the Area Rehabilitation Scheme- Kadugli
Author: Elmagboul, Niveen Salah Eldin Ibrahim
Abstract: Various studies conducted on the experience of Sudan, have shown that poverty spread rapidly in the recent years in both rural and urban areas due to natural and man made disasters. These are include inter-alias, the civil war and environmental deterioration which consequently deepened the population’s poverty especially among rural women. It is argued that, women in South Kordofan State in general and in Kadugli Governorate in particular, play enormous roles in improving the economic situation of their families. Hence, they contribute effectively in the processes of poverty reduction and development in their area. This study was conducted to investigate women contributions in poverty reduction and their role in the process of development in South Kordofan State with particular reference to the Area Rehabilitation Scheme- Kadugli (ARS-K). The ARS-K was established by the UNDP in 1996 in collaboration with the government of the Sudan as an integrated rural development project. The project is an attempt to help rural communities to strengthen their local institutions and to improve their livelihood with emphasis on women. It aimed at rehabilitating selected villages in Kadugli Governorate with a view to establish a model to be replicated in rehabilitating other war-affected villages. The main objectives of the study were to identify the different activities introduced to women and to know the different approaches adopted by the project and how they promote women participation To meet the objectives of the study, both primary and secondary data were collected and used. Primary data was collected through a field survey carried out in the study area using questionnaire, interviews, observation and group discussion. The Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for data analysis. The results obtained indicated that rural women carry different economic activities to cope with their hard situation (i.e. participating effectively in the development activities introduced by the project, including communal farming, animal raising, as well as other income generating activities such as, charcoal production, food, tea making and selling). Thus, they have considerable contributions to the processes of poverty reduction and community development Based on the results obtained, the study proposed some recommendations for poverty reduction and promotion of the development process in the study area. These include: the implementation of different activities by NGOs and government agencies to improve the families’ income, which could reflect on the improvement of their standard of living (i.e. communal farming, animal raising and production, etc). This will, eventually, promote sustainable development in the area. Another recommendation is to give more attention and consideration should be given to the different income generation activities carried out by women. However, more efforts should be directed towards women capacity building to enable them to participate effectively in the process of development in a sustainable manner.
Description: 105 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10532
Date: 2003


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