University of Khartoum

Evaluation of the Nutritional Status of Children Under Age of Five in El Fau Rural Area In Relation To Their Feeding Patterns

Evaluation of the Nutritional Status of Children Under Age of Five in El Fau Rural Area In Relation To Their Feeding Patterns

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Title: Evaluation of the Nutritional Status of Children Under Age of Five in El Fau Rural Area In Relation To Their Feeding Patterns
Author: Mohamed, Muna Ali Abdalla
Abstract: This study was carried out to evaluate the nutritional status of children under five in relation to their feeding patterns. The study area was El Fau rural area of Gadarif state villages; 11,14 and 15. Mothers were asked about the feeding patterns of the target kids: breastfeeding, weaning practices, complementary feeding and feeding patterns after weaning. Also the children were examined to indicate the clinical signs of protein energy malnutrition, vitamin A deficiency and nutritional anaemia beside the determination of haemoglobin concentration. Also children were examined for iodine deficiency disorders. The results indicated that the high illiteracy among mothers (76.7%) affected the children feeding patterns, where 100%of the infants were fed by kisra blended with water (moyet sheita) in the early months of breastfeeding (< 4 months). Their complementary foods were aceda, weika and roub beside milk. Moreover, the kids (< 4 months) drink contaminated water from El Rahad scheme canal. The results of the coliform bacterial test show that the water was contaminated with E. coli and other thermo tolerant bacteria. The lack of nutrition education, where the importance of the food diversification (kisra, aceda, weika, cooked or fresh roub and milk) coupled with insufficient daily food intake may represent the stumbling block for the well-being of the children. Added to that the wrong feeding habits of the family during which the children (50%) share adults the same family’s pot. This situation leads to the prevalence of wasting where 6% of the children are moderately malnourished and 3.3% of them are severely malnourished. In addition to this high prevalence of nutritional anaemia was shown, where 65.3% of the children with haemoglobin concentration of 50% or below. None of the children were suffering from vitamin A deficiency because of the continuous national Expanded Programme Immunization (EPI) which included distribution of vitamin A capsules. None of the children were found to suffer from goiter. This indicates that IDD in this area is very rare.
Description: May 2004135 page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10626
Date: 2015-05-12


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