University of Khartoum

Socio – Economic and Cultural Interface of Internally Displaced Persons' Shelter: Case Study of Greater Khartoum

Socio – Economic and Cultural Interface of Internally Displaced Persons' Shelter: Case Study of Greater Khartoum

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Title: Socio – Economic and Cultural Interface of Internally Displaced Persons' Shelter: Case Study of Greater Khartoum
Author: Abdalla, Mewahib Yagoub
Abstract: Rapid urban change in Sudan was caused by both natural- as well as man – made factors, which triggered massive rural – urban migration to urban centres particularly Khartoum city. The study seeks to describe the impacts of this vast, rapid and complex process of urban change in the city of Khartoum. Moreover, it tries to stress the crucial importance of the internally displaced person's shelter problems, which are far too often neglected in the development policy of the country. The study relies on assessment of the current situation using various research techniques and methods. An analysis of the existing situation and objectives of the study was performed using abstract models investigating the cause – effect relationships of the various research themes. A questionnaire survey was conducted during the year 2003 in three case study areas, one in each of the three towns that constitute Greater Khartoum: Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman. A number of experts in the fields of architecture, city and settlement planning as well as experts in socio - cultural aspects were interviewed to add insights and views to the study. Personal observation through frequent visits to the study areas helped in understanding people's attitudes and opinions. The study investigated the Socio – economic, cultural and environmental factors that are involved in determining shelter situation of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the city. It found out that poor environmental conditions in the settlements were created by aspects of poverty, lack of basic services and amenities as well as tenure insecurity. At the same time, urban living affected the cultural wellbeing of the inhabitants as reflected in their dissatisfaction with their own situation. Conclusions were reached that with good governance, urban areas can combine aspects of economic, environmental, social as well as cultural wellbeing of all strata of the communities, especially the vulnerable groups. Recommendations of the study revolve around promotion of sustainable urban activities in the field of design and construction as well as considering rural – urban linkages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10731
Date: 2015-05-13


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