University of Khartoum

Effect Of Magnetizing Irrigation Waterand Seeds On The Production Of Okra (Hibiscus Esculentus)

Effect Of Magnetizing Irrigation Waterand Seeds On The Production Of Okra (Hibiscus Esculentus)

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Title: Effect Of Magnetizing Irrigation Waterand Seeds On The Production Of Okra (Hibiscus Esculentus)
Author: Ali, Awad Mohammed Elhassan
Abstract: Very recently special magnetic systems have been used to magnetize water and seeds. Such magnetic treatments were reported to play a great role in increasing the germination rate and improving saline soil, consequently resulting in increasing yield. An experiment was carried out in the Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shambat, during the summer season (April /July) of 2003. The study aimed to improve crop productivity by using magnetic technologies. A split plot experimental design was used for growing two varieties of okra (Hibiscus esculentus). The treatments were as follows: (A) Nonmagnetized water + Nonmagnetized seeds. (B) Nonmagnetized water + Magnetized seeds. (C) Magnetized water + Nonmagnetized seeds. (D) Magnetized water + Magnetized seeds. Each treatment was replicated three times. Variables compared were number of leaves per plant, leaf length, plant length, plant density and yield. The results of the study showed significant differences (p X04;0.05) in the number of leaves per plant (12.12 leaves /plant), plant density (11.45plants /m2), leaf length (8.05 cm) and yield (14.8 Kg/ha) when magnetized water was used as compared to nonmagnetized water which gave 7.85 leaves per plant, 8.0 plants per m2, 6.15cm leaf length and (7.4Kg/ha) for yield. However there was no significant difference (p X04;0.05) in plant length between magnetized water (43.33 cm) and nonmagnetized water (39.55 cm) with nonmagnetized seeds. On the other hand there were significant differences (p X04;0.05) in plant density (12.8plant/m2) and yield (19.4Kg/ha) when magnetized seeds were irrigated by magnetized water as compared to nonmagnetized seeds when irrigated by magnetized water which gave plant density of 11.45 plants per m2 and (14.8Kg/ha) yield. The same number of 12.12 leaves per plant was obtained when both magnetized and nonmagnetized seeds were irrigated by magnetized water. The study showed that when magnetized water was used there were no significant differences (p X04;0.05) in the plant length (48.45 cm) and leaf length (9.05 cm) of magnetized seeds as compared to nonmagnetized seeds which gave 45.77 cm plant length and 8.05cm leaf length. The results also showed that when nonmagnetized water was used with magnetized seeds there were significant differences (p X04;0.05) in number of leaves per plant (14.97 leaves /plant), plant density (11.48 plants/m2), leaf length (8.0 cm) and yield (9.0 Kg/ha) as compared to when nonmagnetized seeds were used which gave 7.85 leaves per plant, a plant density of 8.0 plants per m2, 6.15cm leaf length and yield of 7.4Kg/ha. When nonmagnetized water was used with magnetized seeds there was no significant difference (p X04;0.05) in plant length (43.33cm) as compared to when nonmagnetized seeds were used (39.55cm). Furthermore the study results showed that both okra varieties (Kosti and Madani) gave higher values in number of leaves per plant, plant density, plant length, leaf length and yield for the combination of magnetized water and magnetized seeds, they were (17.23 leaves/plant), (14.9 plants/ m2), 59cm plant length, 9.2 cm leaf length and yield of (25.5 Kg/ha) for the variety Kosti and (12.7 leaves/plant), (13.87 plants/m2), 57.1 cm plant length, 8.9cm leaf length and a yield of 35.5 Kg/ha for the variety Madani. Hence it was concluded that magnetizing water would lead to better crop production and further improvement could be attained by magnetizing the seeds.
Description: October 2004
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10754
Date: 2015-05-14


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