University of Khartoum

Evaluation Of Production And Marketing Extension Services For Potato Growers In Khartoum State

Evaluation Of Production And Marketing Extension Services For Potato Growers In Khartoum State

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Title: Evaluation Of Production And Marketing Extension Services For Potato Growers In Khartoum State
Author: Subry, Suzan Ibrahim Ali
Abstract: This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of potato production and marketing extension services in Khartoum State. The methodology involved statement of a set of hypotheses, the selection of a representative multi-stage sample of potato growers in Khartoum State, use of structured interview schedules for primary data collection, and use of the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) in data analysis. Data analysis results showed that: There were no formal finance services for potato production and marketing in Khartoum State, and the producers depended on savings and borrowing from retailers to finance crop production, and the funds available are usually insufficient. Producers have a high degree of awareness about the components of the recommended technological package for potato production, but the rate of adoption of that package is low. The level of access to potato production and marketing extension services is very low among growers, and it is absent in post-harvest stages. Farmers depend on the Retailers for supply of potato-marketing information, and the marketing of their produce, which usually is sold before storage and rarely after storage, with the cost of obtaining low prices. The T-test analysis results show significant difference between small and large potato producers in farm size, potato crop area (season 2001/2002), total potato production, and total cost of potato production. The inter-correlation analysis showed that access to extension services for potato production and marketing is associated positively with knowledge and adoption of recommended technological package of potato production and marketing. Adoption of recommended technological package of potato production and marketing is associated positively with knowledge about recommended technological package of potato production and marketing. Knowledge about recommended technological package of potato production and marketing is affected positively by loan sufficiency and age. The total potato production is linked positively to potato crop area (season 2001/2002) and farm size. Farm size, potato crop area (season 2001/2002), total quantities of potato produced in that season affected the total cost of potato production. The path analysis results indicate that access to extension services for potato production and marketing is affected directly by family size, and indirectly by age. Knowledge about potato technological package is affected directly by loan sufficiency, access to extension services and area under potato crop, and indirectly by age, family size and farm size. The variables with the most significant total effects on adoption of potato production package are knowledge about potato technological package, loan sufficiency and family size. The total potato production is affected directly by potato crop area (season 2001/2002) and indirectly by farm size. Potato crop area (season 2001/2002) is affected directly by farm size. Education years and family size are affected directly by age. The study generated a set of recommendations that focused on ways for improving marketing extension services of potato production in Khartoum State, such as: Establishment of effective integrated Agricultural Services Centers in potato production areas to offer inputs in optimal time and prices, and to facilitate access to credit by potato producers in Khartoum State, especially for small-scale producers. Development of the agricultural extension concept to include marketing information services strategies, and training of extension staff in collecting, analyzing, and disseminating marketing information by improved methods, such as use of computers to connect extension stations with the Extension Administration through Local Area Network (LAN), as a means for contacting farmers in potato production areas in the State. The facilitation of marketing extension services by reducing transportation and storage costs, and improving post harvest operations, especially processing. Planning new assembly and distribution facilities for potato crop, to meet the requirements of the growing population of Khartoum State, and developing farmer’s cooperative marketing system to reduce marketing intermediaries. Encouragement of made especial research in marketing scale with considerate on potato yield in Khartoum State.
Description: January 2005216 page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10766
Date: 2015-05-14


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