University of Khartoum

Environmental Impact of Fossil Fuel Pumps in Almahmiya Area and the Implication for an Alternative Clean Energy

Environmental Impact of Fossil Fuel Pumps in Almahmiya Area and the Implication for an Alternative Clean Energy

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Title: Environmental Impact of Fossil Fuel Pumps in Almahmiya Area and the Implication for an Alternative Clean Energy
Author: Hamid, Sumia Hamid M.
Abstract: About 17297.4 Feddans of arable land is cultivated in the area of Almahmiya on the right bank of the Nile, Nile State. Diesel pumps are used to pump water from the Nile and from a water wells for irrigation purposes, and from a water well for drinking. Used oil and oil spills are seen around the pumps sites and in the main irrigation canal. So oil is expected to spread all over the irrigated area of the flood plain. During the high season, more spreading of the used oil and spilled oil around the pumps is expected to occur all over the flood plain. In this work, the extent of environmental damage caused by oil pollution in the study area is investigated. Laboratory analysis of the physio-chemical characteristics of the river, canal and well waters were carried out. The analysis included the determination of the pH, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Oil and Grease (O&G) levels in the different sources of water. Also, the analysis of the heavy metals Cd, Cu, Fe, Pb,and Zn was carried out in water, soil and plant samples using the atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Furthermore, the wind velocity in the study area was measured in order to decide whether or not the area is suitable for the use of wind power as an alternative clean energy. This work reveals that the concentrations of most pollutants are above the maximum allowable level and the construction of windmills in the study area is economically and environmentally feasible, compared with the diesel pumps. Some recommendations are proposed in order to alleviate the deleterious effect of the use of diesel pumps on the environment.
Description: 83page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10891
Date: 2015-05-17


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