University of Khartoum

Assessment of Impacts of and Adaptation to Climate Changes: Case Study "Sand Dunes Fixation Project in Ed Dowiem Area"

Assessment of Impacts of and Adaptation to Climate Changes: Case Study "Sand Dunes Fixation Project in Ed Dowiem Area"

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Title: Assessment of Impacts of and Adaptation to Climate Changes: Case Study "Sand Dunes Fixation Project in Ed Dowiem Area"
Author: Saeed, Ammar Kamil Mohd.
Abstract: This study aim to clarify the impacts of climate changes in different rural community levels, effects of development projects in reducing community's vulnerability to climate changes, and also the changes in conditions of human, natural, social, financial and physical capitals before and after the interference of these projects. The positive and negative effects of these changes were tested according to local community's perspective and assessed to examine its sustainability. The selected project was implemented by Plan Sudan Organization in northern part of White Nile state; (in Elshigeig village) in central part of Sudan. This area was badly affected by severe drought intervals in the last three decades, rural communities there lost all their means of living due to drought as they were depend on rainfall in most of their economical activities, The case study results proved that the rural communities in the area were became stable and less distress of rainfall fluctuations, also it confirmed that local communities became aware about the natural resources management in the area. The productivity of natural range lands was improved from (29%) before the project intervention to (72%) after its implementation, this improvement was due to the pastures rehabilitation programmes applied through the project. The results approved that the percent of students joined schools in the project area was increased to (96%) compared to (53%) in other areas due to general education programme which was part of Plan Sudan project. Rehabilitation of health facilities in the area increased the public satisfaction up to (69%) after the project intervention compared to (28%) before the project intervention. Also the results proved that the communities became well adapted to changes caused by drought and become more resilient to any climatic shocks; this new adaptation capability was found to be a direct result of the development project implemented in the area. Conclusions and recommendations emerging from this study explain the importance of bottom-up approach for decision makers to know the real communities` requirements. Provision of these requirements will make the communities more resilient to adverse conditions that caused by climate changes.
Description: 124 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10909
Date: 2015-05-17


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