University of Khartoum

تاريخ الحركة الطلابية في جنوب إفريقيا ودورها في مناهضة التفرقة العنصرية 1994-1945

تاريخ الحركة الطلابية في جنوب إفريقيا ودورها في مناهضة التفرقة العنصرية 1994-1945

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Title: تاريخ الحركة الطلابية في جنوب إفريقيا ودورها في مناهضة التفرقة العنصرية 1994-1945
Author: دفع الله أحمد دفع الله, عبدالوهاب:
Abstract: The issue of racial discrimination (Apartheid) in South Africa has always been directly associated with the fact that the country has different "racial" groups, and on the fact that the society was founded on the assumption of the mastery of the white over the others who were seen as their slaves. This fact appears cleary in working relationship. As a result of the discovery of gold and diamond economic and social changes ensued. These changes made the white adhere more strongly than before to the implementation of the policy of Apartheid. So they enacted many laws and legislation to confirm their rights to control all walks of life in South Africa. The present thesis deals with student movements during the period 1945-1994 and their role in resisting Apartheid. The first chapter wholly devoted to discussion of the policy of Apartheid and the most important laws and legislation enacted during that period. The second chapter reviews the history of education in South Africa, its development and the relation between education and the economic, social and political situation during that time. The third chapter is about the history of student movements since 1945 and till 1976. The most important of those movements were (SASO) and (SASM). It focuses attention on their role in resisting racial discrimination in education. The fourth chapter is devoted to the students’ uprising in Soweto which is considered a significant turning point in the student movements since it resulted in change of students’ policies and demands. The fifth chapter deals with the establishment of students’ organizations such as (COSAS) and (AZASO) and the political changes in their demands which were reflected not only in their demand to change the educational system in its entirety but also in their demand of abolishing the policy of Apartheid and the establishment of a democratic state of equality of all in rights. In concluding this thesis, it was confirmed that the students’ organizations played a significant role in the process of combating the educational system. The student movements have also succeeded in mobilizing the masses of students as well as their parents, guardians and teachers. Furthermore, these organizations succeeded in bringing together the struggle of the students with that of the different liberation movements such as the African National Congress (ANC) and the United Democratic Front (UDF) and Parents Associations, as well as the Trade Unions and Teachers Associations.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10956
Date: 2015-05-17


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