University of Khartoum

Environmental and Social Impacts of Conflicts in West Darfur State

Environmental and Social Impacts of Conflicts in West Darfur State

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Title: Environmental and Social Impacts of Conflicts in West Darfur State
Author: Giballa, Giballa Ahmed
Abstract: The purpose of the research is to study the environmental and social impacts of conflict in West Darfur state. Aside from the impact assessment, the research explores the nature, type and causes of conflict and provides recommendations for peace building in West Darfur State. The research data was conducted using both primary and secondary data. The primary data sources include interviews with vulnerable groups from internally displaced persons and host community aside from the community leaders and NGO staff working in the state. While the secondary data was gathered from publication, Books and Reports. The study has six chapters. Chapter One contains a statement of the research problems, its objectives and justifications. Chapter Two covers a general description of the study area in terms of physical, natural and socioeconomic environment. Chapter Three contains a review of the nature, type and causes of conflict while chapter four focuses on the impacts of the conflict. Chapter Five includes an analysis of the results and discussion of the study. Finally Chapter Six includes the conclusion and recommendations. The research findings revealed that the major impacts of the conflict in West Darfur State were the destruction of the livelihoods and social systems of the communities. The conflict caused massive displacement of people to the camps, burning of villages, lost assets and mass killings. It disturbed the relationship between Arab and non Arab groups and created an insecure violent environment which led most of the population to depend on relief services. Such condition lead to a loss of confidence with the government and caused loss of hope in a having a normal life. On the other hand the research affirms that the ongoing conflicts in Darfur, specifically in West Darfur state have deep environmental, economic, political-governance and ethnic roots. Years of government neglect and the 5 resulting absence of development, lack of investment in educating and the resulting illiteracy of large segments of the population, competition over natural resources due to natural disasters especially drought and desertification are among the deep roots of the conflict. Meanwhile the Amarat establishment, entrance of foreign tribes, Janjawid attacks and interference of the government whether state or central in the tribal affairs and political abuse of the conflict situation triggered the ongoing conflict in West Darfur State.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/10980
Date: 2015-05-18


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