University of Khartoum

Assessment Of Adoption Of Improved Wheat Technology In River Nile State In The Sudan(Case Study Of Al Zeidab Scheme)

Assessment Of Adoption Of Improved Wheat Technology In River Nile State In The Sudan(Case Study Of Al Zeidab Scheme)

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Title: Assessment Of Adoption Of Improved Wheat Technology In River Nile State In The Sudan(Case Study Of Al Zeidab Scheme)
Author: Abd Alla, Samar Shams Elddin Mohamed
Abstract: One of the main objectives of the government of Sudan is to increase wheat staple food crop production both vertically and horizontally in order to achieve food self-sufficiency, and thereby reduce the dependency on wheat imports. The Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC) has been responsible for promoting and improving wheat production since mid-eighties in different producing areas in the Sudan. It introduced extensive research to develop wheat technological production packages. The study attempted to estimate the rate of adoption of improved wheat technological package among farmers in Al Zeidab Agricultural Scheme with respect to socioeconomic and agricultural policy factors during the season of 2004/05. Primary data was collected from a random sample of 80 farmers in Al Zeidab Scheme using a structured questionnaire. In addition to the collected field data, the study was supported by secondary date from relevant official sources. The result of descriptive statistic analysis revealed a low rate of adoption of the main components of wheat technological package (sowing date, urea fertilizer application, improved seed varieties and irrigation regime). This was attributed to the high cost, unavailability of inputs (fertilizers and improved seeds) and unavailable finance to the farmers of the scheme. The partial budget analysis indicated that adopters of the main components of the wheat package with high yields scored high net benefits and high marginal rate of return in spite of the associated additional costs of production of technology introduction. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that pre-irrigation, numbers of waterings, quantity of fertilizer (urea), improved varieties and extension services were significant and were positively related to the level of wheat yield per feddan. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the probability of adoption of part of the wheat technological package (pre-irrigation, recommended fertilizer dose, recommended irrigation regime, recommended wheat varieties in optimal sowing date) was low, given the different socioeconomic factors prevailing in the scheme area. The study recommended supporting diffusion and transfer of wheat technological package through strong linkages between agricultural policy institutions, extension services, research findings and farmers. The government should provide policies to encourage the supply credit for acquired inputs (improved seeds and urea fertilizers). Moreover, to revised underlying factors for discrepancies between farmers practices based on their experiences and other research recommendations.
Description: April 200692 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/11088
Date: 2015-05-19


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