University of Khartoum

المدافن السودانيه القديمه

المدافن السودانيه القديمه

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Title: المدافن السودانيه القديمه
Author: جمال جعفر, عباس
Abstract: The burials have an important role in the establishment and development of archaeology and that is due to the fruitful information that researchers gain from them. This information helps them to understand the different aspects of early humankind's life. In its early beginning, archaeology largely concentrated on the study of burials, which helped in exploring the features of those early civilizations. Most of the early archaeological researches concentrated on the study of burials, such studies participated in stating the chronology of the history and civilizations of Sudan. Moreover, those studies shed light on the various unknown sides of Sudan history and civilization. The burials of ancient Sudanese civilizations are distinguished by different patterns and burial customs, which indicate the uniqueness of the continued cultures and civilizations. Therefore, different methods of study have been adopted to classify and analyze its remains, social structure and the enabling of its on going cultural process. This research deals with means and methods of studying of the ancient Sudanese burials, the research concentrated on the period that followed the Meroitic civilization, which the researchers terminologically referred to as post-Meroitic period (X-Group). The burials of this period are a rich field of study, which is represented in the different points of view, adopted by different researchers and is still going on. Most of these points of view concentrated on exploring its origin as well as its racial identity, but without any consideration to its cultural identity. Moreover, the researchers did not take into consideration the burials as a material evidence of the culture associated with it, which could help them to understand the civilization history and the culture of Sudan in that time. The method adopted in studying the cemetery of EL Haraz site, one of the sites that were discovered in the fourth cataract on the left bank of the river Nile and to the north of Meroe dam, shed light on the value ability and the cultural position of the region. Excavations of these burials have explored an important side of the burial customs, funerary furniture and reflected different forms and types of superstructures and substructures of the tombs. Archaeological materials have been classified, analyzed,and put in their historical context. Samples of human skeletons have been studied so as to expose the population nature of this cemetery. Then the general results of this study compared with others burials site referring to the same historical period. This study arrived to many important conclusions based generally on the credibility of the archaeological evidence, which depended on the survey and excavations of the EL Haraz cemetery, because it is composed of independent cultural units, which consisted rich and consistent traits of that time. Therefore, it is a definite source for the information about the region’s culture during that historical period.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/11284
Date: 2015-05-24


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