تقييم دور المرأة العاملة في القطاع الصناعي

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Date
2015-06-13
Authors
سـارة الطـيب محـمد عبد الباقي
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University of Khartoum
Abstract
The research problem pertains to the role of women in the industrial sector in Wad Medani and its socio-economic impacts. Historically the gender division of labour in Sudan entrusted women with child care, domestic and agricultural activities and animal raising, and men with out-door engagements. This division under-valued the effective role and contribution of women. Recently, however, economic pressure, food insecurity and deteriorating standards of living for most people have complled women to seek other employments. The theoretical framework of the study is a critical review of philosophies, theories and concepts related to the question of women’s work and their developmental role. The study also reviews the situations of women as reflected in the concerned international conventions, conferences and workshops as well as the economic participation of Arab women. This is followed by a review of the historical evolution of Sudanese female education and women’s socio-economic role before and after independence. The study then proceeds to address the situation of women working in industries in Wad Medani and the social and economic roles through a detailed analysis of their own general characteristics and of their families as well as their working conditions inside the industrial plants. The effects of these interactive variables on their work have been assessed. An evaluation is then made of the socio-economic impact of the work of these women on themselves, their families and local communities. Then follows an enumeration and discussion of the problems encountered by these female industrial workers and which impede their progress at work and limit their socio-economic role. These include general problems which characterize the industrial sector in developing countries, problems of the working environment, and the social and family problems confronting these working women. The concluding part of the study is constituted by the findings and recommendations which comprise enhancement of female general and technical education, availing the required logistics, the employers’ commitment to the women’s legal and contractual rights, pay increase, and the provision of the necessary services, to mention some. These are necessary to empower these working women to fully play their role towards their work, their family and society
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