University of Khartoum

طقوس العبور ودورة الحياة عند قبيلة الرشايدة

طقوس العبور ودورة الحياة عند قبيلة الرشايدة

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Title: طقوس العبور ودورة الحياة عند قبيلة الرشايدة
Author: هويدا عثمان صديق
Abstract: This study provides a review and analysis of the rites of passage in Rashayda tribe in the area of Kassala. It examines the historical roots and cultural origins of these ritual practices. Their oral statement informs that they emigrated from the Arabian Peninsula, and this was confirmed by the published researches about them as was mentioned in the literature review. The study proved that Rashayda continued to practice some aspects of the culture of their country of origin; nevertheless, the local environment had its own reflections on this culture. Based on this study, we came to know that the practiced rituals in pregnancy childbirth, circumcision, infibulations, and marriage aim to protect the individual from the risks and crises to which the individuals are deemed vulnerable due to the occult for less and evil eye, as was so believed. However, the ceremonies and rituals concerning any of the life’s stages, perform the same role and function despite the difference in the forms of practice. Rituals reflect the cultural components of the society which comprise beliefs, traditional knowledge and their relationship which the natural, economic and social inurnment in the framework of historical accumulation. On the other hand, the practicing of these victuals reflects degree of collaboration between the members of the society and it has an important role in the achievement of positive social bonds. It was evident from the different motifs concerning every ceremony that they were influence by various cultures. For instance we find there motifs which were practiced in the childbirth ceremony and they were influences by the local Sudanese culture, and among them the cauterization of the gingival protuberances. As for social upbringing, we find the circumcision and infibulations practices in which there is a difference in their cultural source – whether it is of Arabic or Pharaoh Origin. Marriage ceremonies preserved the practices the country of origin, as we see in the practice of reservation or a girl betrothal since her childhood which was known to them as"El-Girie’" and high payments for the bridegroom parents. And as for the death ceremony we find the Jewish culture relics as was evident in the burying process. There is an illustrative drawing showing this method of burial, in the annexes of this research in addition to the informant’s statement which we also attached in the annexes. It became evident from the researches review the importance of the folklore science in providing human knowledge with historical, social and cultural facts, revealed many aspects concerning human life. It is possible through the study of the rites of passage in particular, and the folklore, in general, to arrive to the fact of the cultural composition which highlights the units of cultural diversity in the Sudan as it reveals the Arab, African, Pharaoh, and local influence. The collaboration of all human disciplines with the folklore science will enhance the expositions of the historical and social facts and the arrival to the new scientific facts putting into consideration the natural, economic and social contexts in the framework of the historical accumulation which will lead to the correction of the understanding of the study of the Sudanese culture...
Description: 214 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/11650
Date: 2015-06-13


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