University of Khartoum

The Potentiality of Computer and Computer Network In Promotion of Agricultural Extension in Sudan a Case Study Khartoum State

The Potentiality of Computer and Computer Network In Promotion of Agricultural Extension in Sudan a Case Study Khartoum State

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Title: The Potentiality of Computer and Computer Network In Promotion of Agricultural Extension in Sudan a Case Study Khartoum State
Author: Siddig, Abu Bakar Awad
Abstract: This study was conducted in Khartoum State aiming to assess the personal characterizes of the field extension workers and the infrastructure of the extension units (endogenous variables). And to get aquatinted with the methods of communication, Access information and management participation: (exogenous variables) and finding correlation. Also the study aimed at knowing the feature of computer and computer network, and possibilities to utilize them to promote and solve the obstacles of extension work at the local level. The researcher used the social survey as a fundamental approach to realize the aim of the study and he used a questionnaire as instruments to collect data as well full survey or research society. Researcher also used descriptive methods as assistance method, and used documents as tools of collecting secondary data with interviews and observations. Collected data was analyzed by (SPSS) statistical program; covering the techniques of descriptive statistics, tabular analysis (frequency distributions); correlation and chi-square. For description of variables and test the hypotheses which the study was based. The study resulted in the following: 1. Personal characteristics of most field extension workers in Khartoum state (69.6%) were males and their age was in the range 40 – 50 years. Where (78.3%) of their education are below the university level. But their experience (43.5%) in extension work is more than (20 years) and a majority (60.6%) of them was illiterate in computer and has no knowledge or background; whereas (30.4%) are with weak background in computer. 2. The infrastructure of the extension units from electricity side shows that (87%) of them have electric supplies and (69.6%) are connected with telephone services but the computer is completely absent. 3. The most important methods of communication for the field extension workers in state is telephone calls (87%), messages (65.2%) .The popular source of information is personal experience, extension department (100%), mass media (95.7%), reference groups (91.3%) technical divisions (82.6%), research station (73.9%) . The dependable methods of access to information is extension leaflets and visits (95.7%), reports (91.3%), mass media (80%) and (69.7%) companies and traders. 4. Participation in management activity for field extension workers was positive at the local level specially in planning, but was very limited at the provincial and national levels. Follow up (monitoring) is done through repots and meeting. 5. File and Box files are the only means for saving information in (79.3%) of extension units in Khartoum State. The hypothesis tests revealed that: • The relationship between sources of information and age, education level, specialization, computer background and its availability are positive and are negative with the practical experience. • There is a positive relationship between the methods of access to information and age, education level, specialization, computer background, availability of computer and phone services in the unit; and is negative with experience. • Correlation of participation in management activities is positive with computer background and negative with age, level of education, specialization and availability of infrastructure in the units. • Management follow-up (monitoring) showed positive correlation with education level, specialization, experience, computer background and availability of computer and phone services and negative with age. • Methods and rate of communication and access to information does not affect contribution to planning participation but it affects contribution to monitoring and management evaluation. Accordingly the study recommends the following: 1. To increase the number of field extension workers in Khartoum State, particularly some units where the extension worker does not exist. 2. Intensify work to promote training and qualify field extension workers especially in computer and information technology. 3. Reorganization of administrative structure of agricultural extension in Khartoum State particularly in distributing responsibilities and jobs descriptions. 4. Finding administrative relationship between agricultural extension at the local, state, and national levels. 5. Creation of link between agricultural extension, and other agricultural services and institutions and benefit from farmers field school. 6. To connect the extension units with the centre through computer network to make maximum use of it. 7. Encouragement of research and studies mainly in management and extension communication.
Description: 186page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/11778
Date: 2015-06-14


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