University of Khartoum

Syntactic Difficulties with English Relative Clauses &Their Avoidance by EFL Learners

Syntactic Difficulties with English Relative Clauses &Their Avoidance by EFL Learners

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Mohamed Elfatih Braima en_US
dc.contributor.author Safa Abdel Hamid Mohamed Ahmid, Ahmid
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-14T06:53:04Z
dc.date.available 2015-06-14T06:53:04Z
dc.date.issued 2015-06-14
dc.date.submitted 2009
dc.identifier.uri http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/11834
dc.description.abstract This study reports on the nature of syntactic difficulty in the construction of relative clauses (RCs),which are encountered by Sudanese learners of English and the analysis of avoidance strategies they adopt to avoid them. The subjects of the study are 50 first year students of Khartoum University who are enrolled in an English language class. A test composed of 11 sets of questions was run among them . each question included two sentences to which the subjects are instructed to combine using the appropriate relative pronoun . the intention was to measure the ability of the students to recognize how a relativized clause is syntactically related to other parts in the sentence. The sentence combination test included the four types of full restrictive relative clauses which have either a subject or an object as head and which extract either a subject or an object. the four clause types are abbreviated as SS,SO.OO.OS.The first letter refers to the grammatical role of the noun that the relative clause is modifying and the second letter to the grammatical role that is being extracted from the relative clause. Then followed an analysis and statically analysis of the frequency of errors made by the subjects. The results of this exercise were compared with results reached by research among learners as a target language in other parts of the world using the same methodology. Aim is to determine to what extent the results of the study comply with hypotheses advocated for explanation of the nature and causes of the difficulties facing learners of English as target language .these hypotheses are; the Perceptual Difficulty Hypothesis (PDH) advocated by Kuno(1974) , Noun Phrase Accessibility Hypothesis V (NPAH)advocated by Keenan and Comire(1977), and Parallel Function Hypothesis (PFH) ,advocated by Sheldon(1974). Based on these hypothesis, the results of the study supports NPAH and to some extent PFH, but not PDH .As far as the order of difficulty in relative clause construction is concerned , the results of the study indicate that: • SS and OS, sentence types are easier than SO and OO sentence type. • No significant errors were made in SS and OS types. • The test did not reveal significant difficulty in center-embedding. Hence the findings do not tend to fully support the PDH. The study endeavored to hypothesize for the reasons which shed light on the sources of linguistic difficulties encountered in acquisition of the RC Sudanese students. influence of L1 transfer and deficiencies in language instruction may be the major cause of difficulty in acquisition en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Syntactic Difficulties with English Relative Clauses &Their Avoidance by EFL Learners: en_US
dc.title Syntactic Difficulties with English Relative Clauses &Their Avoidance by EFL Learners en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.Degree M.Sc en_US
dc.Faculty كلية الآداب en_US

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