University of Khartoum

Assessment of Nutritional and Health Status of the Elderly in Bara Locality

Assessment of Nutritional and Health Status of the Elderly in Bara Locality

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Title: Assessment of Nutritional and Health Status of the Elderly in Bara Locality
Author: Eltaf Mohamed Ahmed, Ali
Abstract: The aim of this study is to assess the nutritional and health status of elderly males and females who where 60 years and above in Bara Locality. Study sample was 347 selected randomly from six administrative units in the locality. Data was collected through personal interview, field visits, close observation and specified questionnaire. The questionnaire was designed by the researcher objectively to obtain socio-economic, health status, anthropometric measurements, laboratory test and dietary intake information. Data was analyzed using computerized statistical package for social science (SPSS) version (12). Descriptive statistic was used to describe the samples sets. Chi –squire test was employed to determine significant and non significant of variables affecting nutritional status and compare it to what is recommended by WHO and HAI. The most important results of socio-economic status were as follows: 95.4% of respondents their ages were between 60-80 years; 79.8% were illiterate; 77.8% were maimed; 53.3% had paid jobs; 91.6% had monthly income less than 200 Sudanese ponds; 67.2% lived with their families. The results of anthropometric measurement using (BMI) were as follows: 60.6% under weight, 34.0% were normal, 3.7% were over weight, and 1.7% was obese. For Qualitative dietary intake assessment most findings had showed the following: On the average 57.3% had two meals/day, 38.9% three meals, and 3.8% one meal, 78.4% had no snacks and 64.6 % had no eating problems. Assessment of health status assessment results revealed the following: 64.8% had dental caries, 61.7% had musculoskeletal problems, 38.5% had poor vision and 36.0% had digestive systems problems. Finally the results revealed ten risk factors that may contribute to aggravate causes of under nutrition among respondents. From these factors the most important one was economic poverty which was reflected in low family income and low food purchasing power. The study suggested some recommendations mainly - Policy makers should do well to focus more attention on this group. - Cooperation and coordination between governmental sectors and NGOs is required to insure an adequate approach in meeting the need of the elderly. - Cross sectional and longitudinal studies should be carried in rural and urban area concerning nutritional status of the elderly.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/12173
Date: 2015-06-14


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