University of Khartoum

الأمن الغذائي بين التوزيع الدخلي والواقع التحليلي لمؤشرات الفقرلبعض ولايات السودان

الأمن الغذائي بين التوزيع الدخلي والواقع التحليلي لمؤشرات الفقرلبعض ولايات السودان

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Title: الأمن الغذائي بين التوزيع الدخلي والواقع التحليلي لمؤشرات الفقرلبعض ولايات السودان
Author: هناء محمد بابكر محمد ساتي
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to define the problem of food security in Sudan, and in viewing practical examples for measuring the different poverty indicators, comparing them through a stratified sample in the rural and urban areas of four selected states namely, Khartoum, Northern, North Kordofan and the Red Sea States. The other objective was to compare the intake calories level by the different income levels. The study used primary and secondary data, and depended on Lorenz Curve, Gini Coefficient, and Poverty Line analyses. The study accepted United Nations definition an American dollar in day as a measure of poverty line. It found that the distribution of incomes and intake calories were not equitable in general. However, the inequity in intake calories distribution was found to be less visible than in income distribution. Also the results of the study showed that there was a strong relationship between income and consumption. It also found that the Red See State was the best among the four states in terms of equitable distribution in incomes and intake calories. However, it concluded that the distribution were less than the expected optimum. Khartoum State was the worst in terms of urban and rural income distribution among the four states, that for conquered decampment, which consequent the wars and natural disasters. The study proved that, the best income distribution was found in North Kordofan State, while it was the worst in terms of intake calories distribution. Also it showed that the urban of Northern State was the worst in income distribution among the urban four states because the majority of the population in that State migrated outside and inside the Sudan. The study clarified the importance of income factor in addition to intake calories in determining the level of poverty since the basic human needs are composed of food, education, health, shelter, clothing, means of transport…etc. The study recommended the creation of employment opportunities to reduce unemployment, provision of basic services in rural areas to reduce emigration, increasing agricultural production to achieve self sufficiency, increasing awareness on food and nutrition among people, enhancing the role of Zakat and other social amenities and safety nets, enhancing the role of strategic grain reserve, and reducing civil conflicts and effects of natural disasters.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/12382
Date: 2015-06-15


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