University of Khartoum

Technical Efficiency of Wheat Production In North of Gezira Scheme

Technical Efficiency of Wheat Production In North of Gezira Scheme

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Title: Technical Efficiency of Wheat Production In North of Gezira Scheme
Author: Rama Abdelkarim Mohammed Fadlallah, Fadlallah
Abstract: This study was carried out in Wadi Shaeer and Wad Haboba blocks in North of Gezira scheme during the year 2008 .The main purposes of the study are to measure technical efficiency of producing wheat, to determine main factors behind technical inefficiency, and to identify the socio-economic factors that affecting the level of efficiency of farmers. In Wadi Shaeer and Wad Habooba it was observed that wheat area, production and productivity in the Gezira scheme have been fluctuated from season to season due to multi problems such as insufficient finance, irrigation and high costs of cultural operations. The study depended mainly on primary data collected by means of a structured questionnaire and direct interviewing with farmers in North of Gezira. A single random sampling technique was used to select fifty respondents (farmers). Also ,secondary data were collected from different sources, which include Ministry of Agriculture and Foresty in addition to various documents, records, books, periodicals, reports and internet. The data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis for the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents; The Stochastic Production Frontier (SPF) analysis was used to estimate the technical efficiency of producing wheat in the study area, and to determine the factors behind inefficiency such as gender, age educational level, marital status and family size. . Also, descriptive statistics were used to analyze the socio-economic characteristics of farmers. The results of the study revealed that most of the estimated ^6; co-efficient of the factors of the stochastic frontier model for wheat production model have the expected signs, and significance. The age, the marital status, educational level and family size and farm location are significant in explaining technical inefficiency in Gezira scheme, while the gender is not significant for wheat production .The mean technical efficiency is 69%. This means that the farmers can increase their wheat output by 31% through the better use of the farmers, available resources. In order to improve technical efficiency for wheat production in the study area, the study recommended that improvement in finance, irrigation and early land preparation
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/12491
Date: 2015-06-15


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