University of Khartoum

The Institutional Framework for Rural Development in the Sudan 1991-2005

The Institutional Framework for Rural Development in the Sudan 1991-2005

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Title: The Institutional Framework for Rural Development in the Sudan 1991-2005
Author: Raghaya Abdelwahab, Elassad
Abstract: This study aims to investigate the impact of the application of the Federal System on rural development in Sudan during the period 1991-2005 on the basis of the institutional reforms that have been introduced to empower local communities. It also attempts to explain the extent to which decentralization of governance has impacted the provision of health and educational services in rural areas and the challenges that face federalism. The study has been conducted within the context of general analytical framework based on a review of the concepts of development, decentralization, federalism and comparative cases. Primary data was obtained by conducting open ended interviews with various concerned policy makers and experienced government officials mostly administrative officers from different states, that in addition to an amount of unpublished material of relevance to the subject of the research. Secondary data has been gathered from books, articles, papers, official reports and statistics. The study indicates that the application of federalism in Sudan which implies power and resource sharing and reorganization of the institutional framework has to some extent a positive impact on development. Federalism set the basis and institutional framework for participatory governance and wealth sharing. This has been achieved through the provision of equal chances for the geographical areas and local communities to express, protect and mobilize resources to serve their own interest. The study also indicates that period 1991-2005 witnessed an overall growth and expansion in health and educational services, with a remarkable difference between the states. Nevertheless the experience did not provide an acceptable comprehensive solution to the power and resources conflict and did not yet yield better development opportunities for rural areas. Moreover the achievement of health and educational sectors was less than the targeted objectives. There are some factors that influenced the implementation of the federal arrangement and the process of decentralization, consequently the result failed to match expected outcome. This has been mainly because of; i) The insufficient commitment to the basis and principle of federalism: ii) The conflicts and instability, iii) the financial deficiency and uneven distribution of existing human and financial resources, in addition to the other organizational factor. In order to activate the federal system and to empower local governments to shoulder the integrated multi-dimensional responsibility of rural development the study recommends the following: i) Undertaking institutional reforms and involvement of community organizations ii) Provision of adequate resources and power to local bodies. iii) Establishment of reliable mechanisms for coordination and accountability iv) Formation of integrated comprehensive development programmes based on accurate information and statistics and appropriate understanding and commitment to the principles and prerequisites of federal arrangement
Description: 88page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/12577
Date: 2015-06-15


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