University of Khartoum

القلاع والحصون أسفل الشلال الرابع دراسة حالة (مواقع: مروي شرق، الدتي "كجبي"، الزومة، البخيت، الضيقة "الكرفاب")

القلاع والحصون أسفل الشلال الرابع دراسة حالة (مواقع: مروي شرق، الدتي "كجبي"، الزومة، البخيت، الضيقة "الكرفاب")

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Title: القلاع والحصون أسفل الشلال الرابع دراسة حالة (مواقع: مروي شرق، الدتي "كجبي"، الزومة، البخيت، الضيقة "الكرفاب")
Author: محمد التوم محمد, فضل المولى
Abstract: The 4th Cataract region is dotted with several archaeological sites from different historical periods; from the Palaeolithic to the Islamic phase. This dissertation deals with the fortress located in the region downstream 4th Cataract. Focusing on some fortresses in an area not exceeding 47 km extending from Merowe East to El Daiqa village. The study has been conducted in five fortresses located as aforementioned, in the 4th Cataract downstream region to the south/west of the Present Merowe Dam. These are Merowe East, Ed Datti (Kajabi), Ez-Zuma, El Bakheet, and El Daiqa (El Karaffab) fortresses. The main objective of this approach is to carry out a comprehensive documentary work on those fortresses, then further to recognize implications of the local synonyms given to them, and the conventional terms among national and international specialists in the field of archaeology, and finally to investigate the possibility to find common conformities among them with regard to their plans and building materials. I have followed the fieldwork methodology including data collection and documentation, in addition to ancient travelers accounts who have visited those sites before and some the oral tradition provided by old persons in the region. I have also applied a comparative study method, comparing those fortresses with others in the Middle Nile Region and the 2nd and 3rd Cataracts regions in addition to some fortresses in the desert area. The study was concerned with the building's planning and building materials from which they have been constructed, and the artifacts collection of artifacts to understand their function, whether they were defensive or economic, then to recognize the various historical periods during which these fortresses were occupied. The study has brought in several results indicating that, most of these sites could be traced back to the Christian period, and they have been used as governmental and administrative centres. They continued to be utilized during the Islamic period when the Shaiqya chieftains used them to direct the war against the Turkish invasion. The study also included several recommendations to save guard and protect these sites from the threatening factors caused by man and nature, and to get benefit from them as tourism sites, and to conserve their cultural and historical values
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/12605
Date: 2015-06-15


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