University of Khartoum

L’image de la femme dans le roman d’Afrique francophone à travers le thème de la polygamie (Littérature africaine d’expression française)

L’image de la femme dans le roman d’Afrique francophone à travers le thème de la polygamie (Littérature africaine d’expression française)

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Title: L’image de la femme dans le roman d’Afrique francophone à travers le thème de la polygamie (Littérature africaine d’expression française)
Author: Ikhlas Siddig Mohamed, Ahmed
Abstract: This research aims to highlight the social function of literature as a mirror that reflects the life of a society at a certain time. Through the concept of polygamy, we try to discover the image that novelists draw up to the african woman. We also try to discover the woman's attitude towards the polygamy and the impact of this on the life of couples and children. The field of the present study is the francophone african novel. We relied on three works of major african novelists: Xala written by Sembène Ousmane, Perpétue et l’habitude du malheur written by Mongo Béti and Une si longue lettre written by Mariama Bâ in the 70. The present work is also based on other novels that address the subject and represent different eras to show the various points of view on the subject including that of man or woman. In our research we followed a descriptive, analytic and comparative method. In the studied novels, the polygamy is treated in a different tonality. First, it is tackled in a normal banality, and then, following the challenges of modernity, like many other customs, it undergoes severe criticism. However, it persists as long as there is no other institution that can replace it and so it finds support, especially from intellectuals. Several cultural, religious, social and economic factors promote the practice of polygamy in Africa. For Africans, the polygamy is considered as a cultural heritage, it is a deeply rooted ancestral custom. In general, the image that novelists give to woman is divided between the strong woman and the weak one. Women writers have created a new image; the struggling woman. As far as the reaction against the polygamy is concerned, we can distinguish two main images: the image of the submissive wife and the rebelled wife
Description: 275page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/12618
Date: 2015-06-15


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