University of Khartoum

آليات التكيف في البيئات شبه الجافة مع تدهور الموارد الطبيعية بمحلية البطانة بولاية القضارف في الفترة (1970-2008م)

آليات التكيف في البيئات شبه الجافة مع تدهور الموارد الطبيعية بمحلية البطانة بولاية القضارف في الفترة (1970-2008م)

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Title: آليات التكيف في البيئات شبه الجافة مع تدهور الموارد الطبيعية بمحلية البطانة بولاية القضارف في الفترة (1970-2008م)
Author: إسماعيل الصافي إسماعيل, الصافي
Abstract: This study investigates the adaptation mechanisms to the natural resources degradation in the Butana locality, Gadaref State. The objective of the study is to identify the indicators of the natural resources degradation in the area, the natural and human factors contributing to this degradation and its results , in addition to the economic, social, and food coping mechanisms that are used there. To achieve these objectives the study use the secondary data beside the primary data collected throudh questionnaire, individual and group interviews , observation, in addition to Satellite Images and soil lab-analysis. The data has been analyzed by using Statistical Package of the Social Sciences (SPSS). The proper statistical procedures are used in the this study, like the average, (T. test) and (F. test) .In order to obtain reliable results that can be generalized and applied in the area of the study and similar ones, the proper approaches to the study , like the historical, descriptive, statistical and political ecology are used in this Study. The stratified sample has been selected randomly for the study area, the total size of the sample reached 753 persons. The study has come out with important results like the decline of agricultural and forest products, the monthly income, the animal resources per family, the natural vegetation area, The percentage of clay on the upper soil has sharply decreased now compare with the seventies. There are a variations in the agricultural, pastoral, economical, social, and food coping mechanisms. There are differences in the levels of the natural resources degradation in the area, and the levels of the natural and human factors that contribute to the degradation, in addition to the variation in the levels of the coping mechanisms adoption among natural resources users in the area. Based on these results, the study has recommended the following: a balanced distribution of villages and animals in the area; prohibition of agricultural expansion against range and forest land; There should be enough supply and alternative sources of energy, and building materials in order to protect the vegetation cover; a large parts of the animal resources revenue should be allocated to the development and upgrading of the natural resources. The farmers and pastoralist, should adopt the rotating system in agriculture and range to enable vegetation and soil to recovery
Description: آليات التكيف في البيئات شبه الجافة مع تدهور الموارد الطبيعية بمحلية البطانة بولاية القضارف في الفترة (1970-2008م)
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/12652
Date: 2015-06-15


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