University of Khartoum

Effect of Chicken and Farmyard Manure on Growth and Yield of Forage Sorghum Cultivars (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench and Sorghum Sudanense)

Effect of Chicken and Farmyard Manure on Growth and Yield of Forage Sorghum Cultivars (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench and Sorghum Sudanense)

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Title: Effect of Chicken and Farmyard Manure on Growth and Yield of Forage Sorghum Cultivars (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench and Sorghum Sudanense)
Author: Abass, Enass Abdalla Hamad
Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during the season 2007/2008 at the Demonstration Farm of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum to investigate the effect of chicken and farmyard manure fertilization on growth and forage yield of two forage Sorghum; Abusabien (Sorghum biocolor L) and Grawia (Sorghum sudanense). The fertilizer treatments used included chicken manure at rate of (1 ton/ha), farmyard manure at a rate of (1 ton/ha), mixed of chicken and farmyard manure (0.5 + 0.5 ton/ha) in addition to the control for both cultivars. The design used was a split-plot design with three replications in which the cultivars in the main plots and the fertilization treatments in the sub-plots. Parameters studied included plant density, plant height, number of leaves per plant, leaf area index, leaf to shoot ratio. In addition to forage yield (fresh and dry). The results showed the cultivar Abusabien gave taller plants, higher number of leaves per plant, higher leaf/shoot ratio and lower plant population. The cultivar Sudan grass gave higher plant population. The difference in leaf area index between the cultivars was not significant in most of sampling occasions; the cultivar Sudangrass gave a higher leaf area index. The difference between cultivars in fresh and dry weight was significant. Abusabien scored the highest fresh and dry forage yield throughout the experimental period. The results showed significant differences were encountered among fertilizer treatments for most of characters studied. The fertilizer treatment of chicken manure (1 ton/ha) significantly increased most of growth attributes and resulted in higher fresh and dry forage yields. The treatment of farmyard manure (1ton/ha) scored significantly higher in plant population. The results showed significant interaction between cultivars and treatment fertilization in fresh and dry forage yields.
Description: 58 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/13003
Date: 2015-06-16


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