University of Khartoum

تقويم الخدمة الإرشادية الزراعية في بعض ولايات شمال السودان - في الفترة من 2008 1958

تقويم الخدمة الإرشادية الزراعية في بعض ولايات شمال السودان - في الفترة من 2008 1958

Show full item record

Title: تقويم الخدمة الإرشادية الزراعية في بعض ولايات شمال السودان - في الفترة من 2008 1958
Author: الصادق ناصر, الصادق
Abstract: This study handled the evaluation of the agricultural extension in Sudan. This had covered six states in the Northern Sudan representing the main agricultural environments, which are: (Khartoum – Al-Gazira – Sennar – Northern Kordofan – Gedarif – River Nile). The Darfur States, were excluded together with the Southern Sudan, because of the irregularity of the agricultural extension services in them and the continuation of the war. The main objective of the study was to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the agriculture extension services in the studied states, in the period 1958 – 2008. The research targeted three sectors of those associated with the agricultural extension, to collect the primary data. They were farmers, the agricultural extensionists and the higher managers of the agricultural extension services. Thus, a random sample of 322 farmers was selected from six states together with all the agricultural field extensionists in the 6 state because of their small number (total number 40) Some of the specialists in agricultural extension and research, the higher agricultural leadership, some retired extension specialists and some local leaders, were also chosen, through the use of the purposive sampling total number(12). The study applied the scientific methods to process the data .. These were the social survey method and statistical analysis. The study was strengthened with some data from secondary sources, such as references and related studies. The most important findings of the study are as follows 1. The implementation of the decentralization system, led to weakening the administration and caused the disappearance of the administrative control, in the agricultural extension systems. 2. The performance of agricultural extension, in the agricultural sectors were considered unacceptable, by the farmers, and acceptable by the administrators. 3. There was no coordination, and no institutional linkage, between agricultural extension, the agricultural research centers and the other relevant institutions, such as, the cooperatives and the associations with similar activities in the field of rural development. There is no partnership between these institutions, and agricultural extension. 4. There were no agricultural extension aids, in 83 % of the studied states,. It was also clear that 78% of the agricultural extensionists felt that there is a need for providing more and new extension aids because of the insufficiency of the existing levels and because of the size of work they have to perform. This had negatively affected the performance of the extensionists and the efficency of the extension services. 5. 95% of the extensionists stated that they were in bad need for training to increase their theoretical and practical knowledge and to know the most recent agricultural innovations. In fact, it was revealed that 80% of them did not receive training at the beginning of their service. This proves that there is no systematic training, for the extensionists and the officials of the agricultural extension services 6. 93% of the agricultural extensionists, faced problems and constraints, which curb their success. 7. 88% of the agricultural extensionsists, saw that agricultural extension had achieved little of its objectives. because of the weak operational resources, meager budgets, no activation of the extension role and the neglect of the higher extension managements of the role which agriculture extension, can play. 8. 68% of the farmers believed that agriculture extension had failed in performing its role, during the past period. 9. 83% of the agricultural extensionists ascertained that there is need for adding new extension programmes and activities, because of the insufficiency of the existing extension programmes. 10. 83% of the studied states did not have the sufficient number of subject matter specialists, in the middle managerial levels. The study recommended me following 1- Evaluation of the extension programme and the attendence of the agricultural extensionists in the agricultural areas, and close supervision. 2- The allocation of sufficient fund in the agricultural extension budget, to cope with its major objectives. 3- Support of the administrative structure of agricultural extension with qualified personal. 4- The planning of the extension projects
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/13086
Date: 2015-06-16


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account