University of Khartoum

Assessing the effects of economic factors on production and exports of Sesame and Groundnut in North Kordofan State, Sudan

Assessing the effects of economic factors on production and exports of Sesame and Groundnut in North Kordofan State, Sudan

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Title: Assessing the effects of economic factors on production and exports of Sesame and Groundnut in North Kordofan State, Sudan
Author: Ahmed Musa Yasseen, Ghada
Abstract: The main objective of this study was to assess the effects of the factors that limit or enhance the production and exports of sesame and groundnut of Sudan. The study used primary data for the season 2006/07 obtained from a field survey in North Kordofan State and secondary data for the production and exports of sesame and groundnut of Sudan for the period 1980-2007. The field survey was conducted among a stratified randomly selected sample size of 100 small farmers in North Kordofan State, and the data were analyzed to identify the main socio-economic characteristics of the farmers in the study area. For the secondary data, multiple regression model analysis was used to estimate the relationship between sesame and groundnut production and exports as dependent variables and their yield, area and prices as independent variables during 1980-2007. The primary data analysis resulted that most of the sample respondents were of middle to old age and about 34% were illiterate and 39% received primary education in the form of Khalwa, and basic education. The results also showed that credit, lack of extension services, size of harvested area, low level of yield and variety constituted the obstacles to the production of groundnut. Similar results, with the exception of credit, were complied in the case of sesame. From the regression analysis, harvested area, price and yield formed the main factors that had influence on the level of production of sesame and groundnut in Sudan. On the other hand, sesame production, export price and time trend were the main determinants in case of exported sesame seed of Sudan, while the exports of groundnut were influenced by export price and time trend (resembling change in policies, climate, infection with pests and diseases). The study recommended the establishment of small producers’ revolving fund as one of the appropriate mechanisms for credit supply and introduction of appropriate technology package for improving the yield and quality of sesame and groundnut in North Kordofan State.
Description: 112 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/13368
Date: 2015-06-16


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