University of Khartoum

Factors Affecting Cotton Productivity in Gezira Scheme (A Case Study of Rewina Area)

Factors Affecting Cotton Productivity in Gezira Scheme (A Case Study of Rewina Area)

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Title: Factors Affecting Cotton Productivity in Gezira Scheme (A Case Study of Rewina Area)
Author: Shoke, Fatma Abdalla Ahmed
Abstract: This study was conducted in Rewina district of the Gezira scheme which is the largest cotton producing scheme in Sudan. Cotton resembles the major cash crop in the country. This study is an attempt to investigate the main factors affecting cotton yield in Rewina area. The study was mainly based on primary data collected through a field survey. Forty five farmers selected through stratified random sampling in season 95/1996 were interveiwed. Addional necessary secondary data was collected from relevant sources. The collected information about the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers was then subjected to statistical analysis. Regression analysis was used to estimate the cotton production function. Also a cotton crop budget was estimated. The statistical analysis of farmers social character showed that most of Rewina farmers were financially weak, falling within the old age groups, and their levels of education were rather high. Also, they are characterized by having large extended families. The production function for cotton crop was estimated and the result showed that, among the most important factors affecting cotton productivity were number of irrigations, the Farmer's education level, the tenant ownership of a planter and the tenant ownership of a cart. The crop buudget analysis revealed that agricultural inputs represent the highest percentage among the total production costs, while picking and agricultural operations rank second and third respectively. The cotton private profitability coefficient was high indicating that cotton crop is profitable and had high efficiency of capital investment. To increase cotton productivity in the area, the study recommended that the irrigation operations should be given the enough care. The call for continuing education remains as an important recommendation .It was also recommended that access to own agricultural implements should be made available to the farmers.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/14831
Date: 2015-06-24


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