University of Khartoum

Assessment of Some Famine Foods Growing in Kordofan States - Sudan

Assessment of Some Famine Foods Growing in Kordofan States - Sudan

Show full item record

Title: Assessment of Some Famine Foods Growing in Kordofan States - Sudan
Author: Holli, Elrady Elsayed Bukhari
Abstract: This study aimed to assess four famine foods growing in kordofan States, namely, Ambachi (Dioscorea hispida) tubers, Mukheit (Boscia senegalensis) fruits, Kordala (Maerua pseudopetalosa) seeds and Shengle (Dioscorea trifida) tubers. A questionnaire was set to collect some local knowledge about these foods, their use and acceptability by the natives, as well as their methods of preparation, risks and toxicity incidents due to maluse of these foods by the natives. Purposive randomize sample methodology was followed. Six hundred and twelve respondents from ten localities in Kordofan States were involved in the study. The descriptive analysis was carried out to analyze the obtained data. Famine food samples were collected from the study area. Each sample was divided into two equal portions, one was soaked in the water and the other kept unsoaked. The experiment was run in triplicate. Using standard analytical procedures; data were collected on protein digestibility, anti nutritional factors, chemical composition and amino acids profile. The interactive effect of famine food type and soaking treatments showed a significant (p ≤ 0.05) variations in the chemical composition, however the four famine food studied contained good protein content (21.79% , 21.67% , 20.54% and 19.57%) for unsoaked Shengle tuber , Kordala seeds , Mukheit fruits and Ambachi tubers respectively. Protein digestibility was enhanced (p ≤ 0.05) by soaking, particularly so for Kordala (68.1%) and Ambachi (58.6%). Soaking had resulted in substantial reduction (p ≤ 0.05) in minerals content. Unsoaked Mukheit fruits and Ambachi tubers had the highest (p ≤ 0.05) Mg (248.7mg/100g) and K (334.67 mg/100g) respectively. Unsoaked Mukheit fruits, Shengle tubers and Ambachi tuber contained good amounts of essential amino acids (EAA) (mg/100g) namely lysine (338.02, 204.84 and 206.67) , leucine ( 584.54, 770.27 and 788.37) and isoleucine ( 370.42, 500.44 and 495.28) respectively. Polyphenols followed a similar trend to EAA. Soaking treatment reduced amino acids, minerals and anti-nutritional factors particularly tannins, polyphenols and phytic acid but increased protein digestibility of famine foods studied. Although Mukheit was the most popular of the four tested famine foods, yet it was concluded that these famine foods are fairly nutritious, and can make good food source during hard times or even normal times.
Description: 154 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/16064
Date: 2015-09-14


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account