University of Khartoum

Past medical history of blood transfusion, surgical operation, vaccination against HBV, cutter scar and tattoo; and HBV infection among health care workers in Public Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan

Past medical history of blood transfusion, surgical operation, vaccination against HBV, cutter scar and tattoo; and HBV infection among health care workers in Public Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan

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Title: Past medical history of blood transfusion, surgical operation, vaccination against HBV, cutter scar and tattoo; and HBV infection among health care workers in Public Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan
Author: Elmukashfi, Taha Ahmed; Elkhidir, Isam Mohamed; Ibrahim, Omer Ali; Bashir, Abdelgadir Ali; Awadelkarim, Mohammed Ali
Abstract: Background: Infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) can lead to a range of clinical illnesses. Hepatitis is a general term meaning inflammation of the liver and the most common cause is infection with a variety of different viruses. All of these can cause an acute disease and symptoms lasting several weeks including yellowing of the skin and eyes, dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Aim: This study examined the prevalence of sero-epidemiologic markers of hepatitis B virus (HBV) among health care workers (HCWs) in Public Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State, in the year 2004. It attempted to determine the relation of the past medical history of blood transfusion, surgical operation, vaccination against HBV, cutter scar and tattoo with HBV infection among HCWs. Method: The study is an observational, cross sectional, facility-based study. It was conducted on stratified two-stage cluster random sample of 843 subjects. The study followed multivariate analytical techniques, using Multiple Discriminant Analysis (MDA), and some non-parametric tests using Chi-square test. Results: Among the 843 subjects tested for all HBV markers (Anti-HBc, HBsAg, HBsAb, and HBeAg), the prevalence of Anti-HBc, HBsAg, HBsAb, and HBeAg was found to be 57% (CI 95%:53%-60%), 6% (CI 95%:4.0%-8.0%), 37% (CI 95%:34%- 40%) and 9% (CI 95%:7%-11%) respectively. The prevalence rate differs according to past medical history factors. Significant association of past medical history factors was found with seroprevalence of HBsAg markers (P0.05>). No significant association was found with any of the past medical history factors for seroprevalence of Anti-HBc and HBeAg and HBsAb markers (P0.05>). Conclusion: Tattooing and its duration had shown significant result with HBsAg.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/16302
Date: 2012-01


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