University of Khartoum

The Risk Factors of Developing Gestational Diabetes Mellitus among Pregnant Ladies Attending the Antenatal Care Facilities Fath AL-RAHAN AL-BASHIR Polyclinics and Omdurman Maternity Hospital During the Period JULY-SEPT., 2008

The Risk Factors of Developing Gestational Diabetes Mellitus among Pregnant Ladies Attending the Antenatal Care Facilities Fath AL-RAHAN AL-BASHIR Polyclinics and Omdurman Maternity Hospital During the Period JULY-SEPT., 2008

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Title: The Risk Factors of Developing Gestational Diabetes Mellitus among Pregnant Ladies Attending the Antenatal Care Facilities Fath AL-RAHAN AL-BASHIR Polyclinics and Omdurman Maternity Hospital During the Period JULY-SEPT., 2008
Author: MAHGOUB, OLLA
Abstract: Back–ground Information: Gestational diabetes is a condition in which the glucose level is elevated and other diabetic symptoms appear during pregnancy in a woman who has not previously been diagnosed with diabetes. In most cases, all diabetic symptoms disappear following delivery. However, women with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing diabetes later in life, especially if they were overweight before the pregnancy. Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes is not caused by a lack of insulin, but by blocking effects of other hormones on the insulin that is produced, a condition referred to as insulin resistance. Materials and methods: this is a descriptive facility-based study which involved 122 pregnant ladies attending the ante-natal care facility in Fath Al-Rahman Al-Bashir Polyclinics and Omdurman Maternity Hospital during the period July-Sept., 2008. 61 of these ladies have already being diagnosed as having GDM, while the rest 61 ladies haven't had the disease. Personal interviews using questionnaires and sometimes records were used to evaluate these variables: age, family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, degree of relatives with type 2 diabetes mellitus, pre-pregnancy weight, pre-pregnancy diet, parity status, gestational age, previous history of stillbirths, macrosomia and congenital malformations, monthly income, original residence, present residence and previous history of GDM. Results: the odd ratios for the relationship between GDM and age, family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, present residence and previous history of GDM were: 4.297, 3.469, 3.346 and 5.007 respectively. Conclusion: there is a strong association between the maternal age, family history of type 2 diabetes, present residence and previous history of GDM and the development of GDM.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1661
Date: 2008


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