University of Khartoum

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Schistosomasis Among Primary School Children at Almazraa Village, New Halfa Locality, Kassala State – Sudan, 2011

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Schistosomasis Among Primary School Children at Almazraa Village, New Halfa Locality, Kassala State – Sudan, 2011

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Title: Prevalence and Associated Factors of Schistosomasis Among Primary School Children at Almazraa Village, New Halfa Locality, Kassala State – Sudan, 2011
Author: Abd Elmtalup, Sana Elhaj
Abstract: Background: Schistosomiasis is one of the major communicable diseases of public health and socio-‎economic importance in the developing country. Schistosomiasis is the second widely spread tropical disease after Malaria ,New halfa considered as schistosomiasis endemic area according to the New halfa locality schistosomiasis control program surveys , conducted among Almazraa mixed primary school pupils, The prevalence was as follows: 2010 (33.7%) , 2011 (40%) and in 2005 (35.9%) The study objectives are: to measure the prevalence of schistosomiasis among the pupils, to determine the environmental socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with schistosomiasis and to identify their knowledge about schistosomiasis. Materials and Methods: This is a cross sectional- descriptive- school based study, conducted among mixed primary school pupils at Almazraa village, a mixed primary school during the year 2011. The sample size was 300 pupils, selected using a systematic random sampling method. Data was collected using questionnaire included information regarding: socio-economic data, age and education of parents. And laboratory diagnosis (modified Kato Katz method was used to examine the stool. According to the World Health Organization, the intensity standard of infection by schistosomiasis, regard these figures: ({o up to 99 ova, mild infection}, {100 up to 399 ova, moderate infection}, and {over 400 ova, severe infection}) and analyzed with statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 18. Results: The prevalence of schistosoma mansoni among school pupils at Almazraa village was 40% and not a single case of schistosoma haemtobium was reported. The high prevalence of schistosoma mansoni due to many factors such as poor sanitation, lack of pupils awareness about schistosomiasis 70%, lack of latrines in school and in some of the pupil’s homes 73%. Forty four percent of the pupils defecate near the canal, there was lack of safe drinking water source in the school and the pupils homes 31%. The surveyed sample study showed a range of (72-120 ova eggs/g of feces) can be defined as mild to moderate ova density. The most affected pupils were (10-12) year of age (56%). This study showed that there was a statistically significant association between gender and infection (p<0.05), it was high among male (52%) compared to (28%) among females. The highest infection rates were among pupils whose father was farmer (52%). Fifty six percent of the infected pupils access to their drinking water from canals. Conclusion: The study concluded that the schistosoma mansoni was endemic in Almazraa village and there were no cases of schistosoma haemtobium. The high prevalence of schistosoma mansoni infection among pupils strongly associated with pupils’gender, fathers’education and fathers’ occupation.
Description: 86page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/16817
Date: 2015-10-29


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