University of Khartoum

Nutritional Pattern of Inpatient Type 1 Diabetic Children (5-18 Years Old) in Government Teaching Hospitals, Khartoum State

Nutritional Pattern of Inpatient Type 1 Diabetic Children (5-18 Years Old) in Government Teaching Hospitals, Khartoum State

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Title: Nutritional Pattern of Inpatient Type 1 Diabetic Children (5-18 Years Old) in Government Teaching Hospitals, Khartoum State
Author: Abdalgbar, Dalia Hassan Mohammed
Abstract: The study was conducted in 4 government teaching hospitals in Khartoum State (Omdurman, Albulk, Gaffar Ibnoof, Ahmed Gasim). The objective was to assess the dietary pattern of inpatient type 1 diabetic children aged 5-18 years old. 150 patients from both sexes were selected, mean age 11.32±3.76 years, 52.7% males. Data was collected by a questionnaire covering socioeconomic status of patients and parents, patients’ medical history, anthropometry and dietary pattern. Most of the children (92.4%) were enrolled in former education, living in urban areas (70.7%), from low income families having parents of low educational level. 42.7% had a family history of diabetes mostly from the fathers side. 94.0% experienced hypoglycemia and 54.7% hyperglycemia and 98.7% did not suffer any complications. Underweight was high (45-47%) among the 5-15 years old, low among the 16-18 years males (18.2%) and very high among the 16-18 years old females (60.6%). As inpatients, 94.7% relied on the hospital diet the rest got some extra food. Their nutrient intakes compared to their requirements were mostly low for energy (39% to 85.6%), protein (41.3% to 54.5%), iron (35.8% to 53.8%) but vitamin A intake ranged 64.2% to 84.6%. Iron intake was adequate only for the 16-18 years old males whose vitamin A intake exceeded their requirements (>100%). Dietary pattern at the hospital was consuming >3 meals/day (92.0%), reliance on hospital food (94.7%), cooked vegetables (93.34%), low fat milk (73.3%), white cheese (81.3%), boiled meat (66.7%), skinless chicken (91.0%) and bread (100%). At their homes, the pattern included bread (100%), cooked vegetables and only carrots (85.3%) and cucumbers (50.0%) as fresh vegetables. Major fruits consumed were lemon (80%) and oranges (70.0%). High consumption was noticed for milk (94.0%), yoghurt (95.3%), cheese (88.0%), meat (70.0%) and tea drinking (90.0%). In conclusion the children need better dietary management of their diabetes (diet + insulin) so appropriate recommendations were suggested.
Description: 69page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/16913
Date: 2015-11-05


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