University of Khartoum

The Role of Poverty In The Degradation of Natural Resources

The Role of Poverty In The Degradation of Natural Resources

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Title: The Role of Poverty In The Degradation of Natural Resources
Author: Jalalaldin, Nassra Shamsaldin Mohammed
Abstract: During the past three decades the developing world has made enormous economic progress which is reflected in the rising trend for incomes and consumptions, yet more than one billion people are living in poverty. Sudan is classified among the least developed countries. In the study area, Shendi Province, drought has led to low production of crops, which makes households vulnerable to food crisis. The broad objective of this research is to examine and develop an understanding of how poverty contributes to environmental degradation. Two types of data were used in this research, namely; primary and secondary data. The primary data was collected through personal interviews with individuals using structured questionnaire, group discussions and observations. The main findings of the research are; Soil degradation and sand movement on arable land declined the agricultural productivity on the study area coupled with lack of external assistance (governmental and non-governmental organization) and infrastructure. The outbreak of diseases is attributed to the absence of health centers, other public services, and food crisis. Sources of income are limited and not satisfactory to meet the necessary requirements of households. Agricultural production relies mainly on hand tools and fertilizers and pesticides are unaffordable to the farmers. The principal source of labor is the household (family labor). Ideally, a man and his wife and their unmarried children make up a task force for agricultural purposes. Forest resources are declining in the study area due to the reliance of the local people on traditional cooking stoves and frequent drought cycles. Livestock in the study area is declining due to frequent drought and it becomes an additional burden on the farmer to afford fodder. The main conclusions of the research are: food security in the study area is very critical under the light of low agricultural productivity and lack of food storage. Moreover, chronic poverty and lack of off-farm employment opportunities contributed to the problems faced by poor inhabitants in accessing what food supplies were available in local markets. The study arrived at some recommendations; the government should consider all the marginal areas of the country for the provision of essential public services. The regional government tackles the issue of poverty in the context of national strategy for sake of alleviating poverty. The ministry of Agriculture has to provide necessary inputs (physical capital) to guarantee satisfactory production. The FNC intensify a forestation0 programs in the study area to mitigate the negative consequences of desert encroachment.
Description: 76 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/16946
Date: 2015-11-10


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