University of Khartoum

Evaluation of Economic Efficiency of Higher Education Institutions: A Case Study of Sudan (2000 – 2010)

Evaluation of Economic Efficiency of Higher Education Institutions: A Case Study of Sudan (2000 – 2010)

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Title: Evaluation of Economic Efficiency of Higher Education Institutions: A Case Study of Sudan (2000 – 2010)
Author: Karrar, Rehab Awad Hamad
Abstract: This study aimed to find out and assess the economic efficiency of the institutions of higher education in Sudan in the period 2000-2010m through several axes, the most important being the role of education represented in the institutions of higher education (universities), including policies that help growth raising and upgrading, as well as the management of these institutions to limit public funding and a shift to a new system for the contribution of graduates in economic growth and development process. This change effectuated by graduates (more high experience manpower of market) and with increased competition among students leads to progress and making continuity in the development process, and test effective potential energy and increase through greater efficiency to these universities in Sudan, and the possibility of bringing these changes in GDP. The study used descriptive analytical method. Data were obtained from secondary sources (Ministry of Finance and National Economy, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, and the Sudanese Central Records, and universities under study). The study came out with several results, the most important being that, the economic efficiency of the public Institutions (universities) was 43% in average, and this suggests that these universities are not efficient, and all the productive elements of the Sudanese universities are decreasing; it has been observed that these Sudanese universities operate under the increasing growth size. Also it has been found that the economic efficiency of institutions of higher education in Sudan is facing several problems, including misallocation of human resources and capital management to improve the efficiency of these institutions, which reduces the efficiency and productivity of their output. In addition, the study found that the average efficiency of the Sudanese universities less when compared to universities in developing countries (the Third World). This shows that these universities need to increase and improve their efficiency to the extent that allows the possibility of comparing them at national and international levels. Based on these results, the researcher makes a number of recommendations, including government’s intervention with policies that play a positive role to creating a suitable environment in universities to raise their efficiency, and paying attention to training and qualification of personnel, university professors, and the use of modern tools and technology. This is in addition to finding ways of teaching that matches the global system, a sophisticated and thoughtful for registering students at universities in order to raise the efficiency rate of these universities. These universities can try to reduce the weakness in efficiency through development of physical and human capital, and establishment of good management, and distribution of inputs and resources required efficiently. This is in addition to the need to create academic stability in the universities to limit the migration of experienced and talented teachers, and political stability within universities, besides reduction of student disputes and conflicts and return of the free education.
Description: 101 page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/16958
Date: 2015-11-11


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