University of Khartoum

Effect of Rhizobium, Mycorrhiza and Chicken Manure on Growth and Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Under Irrigation

Effect of Rhizobium, Mycorrhiza and Chicken Manure on Growth and Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Under Irrigation

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Title: Effect of Rhizobium, Mycorrhiza and Chicken Manure on Growth and Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Under Irrigation
Author: Ahmed, Mohamed Elamin Yousif
Abstract: ABSTRACT: A Field experiment was conducted for one season (2012/2013) in the Experimental Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture , University of Khartoum at Shambat , in order to study the effect of rhizobium, mycorrhiza and chicken manure on growth and yield of chickpea(Cicer arietinum.L) under irrigation. The treatments were rhizobium inoculation, mycorrhiza, chicken manure and control. The design was randomized complete blocks and the treatments were arranged in split-plots with four replications .Chicken manure treatments were designated to the main plots and rhizobium and mycorrhiza to the subplots. Chicken manure was applied with plowing at a dose of 10 tons/hectare .The seeds were inoculated with rhizobium at sowing. The mycorrhiza was added to the soil 45 days after sowing. Characters studied were vegetative attributes: emergence percentage, plant height, and number of nodules/plant, number of branches / plant, shoot fresh weight, root fresh weight, shoot dry weight and root dry weight. Reproductive attribute: was time to flowering.Yield and yield components were: plant density at harvest, the percentage of plant survival , number of pods per plant, number of seeds per plant, percentage of empty pods per plant, weight of seeds per plant , 100 seed weight , final seed yield and harvest index(%) . Chemical analysis was seed protein and phosphorus content.The results showed that rhizobium inoculation and mycorrhiza had no significant effect on all vegetative attributes, except root fresh weight. Interaction of rhizobium and mycorrhiza significantly affected root dry weight, whereas inoculation significantly affected number of nodules. Chicken manure significantly affected all vegetative attributes, except number of nodules and number of branches. Reproductive attribute showed that chicken manure had significant effect on start of flowering while rhizobium and mycorrhiza had highly significant effects on this character. None of the treatments had significant effect on yield and yield components, except number of plants/m2 at harvest where chicken manure and interaction of rhizobium, mycorrhiza and chicken manure had significant effect on this character. Chemical composition was not significantly affected by the treatments. The results of this study showed that organic and biological fertilizers have great potential in improving growth and yield of chickpea. However more studies are needed in order to confirm these findings
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/16965
Date: 2015-11-11


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