University of Khartoum

The prevalence of Hymenolepis nana among preschool children of displacement communities in Khartoum state, Sudan: A cross-sectional study

The prevalence of Hymenolepis nana among preschool children of displacement communities in Khartoum state, Sudan: A cross-sectional study

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Title: The prevalence of Hymenolepis nana among preschool children of displacement communities in Khartoum state, Sudan: A cross-sectional study
Author: Abdel Hamid, Muzamil M.; A. Eljack, Ibrahim; M. Osman, Mohammad Khatim
Abstract: Background: Hymenolepis nana is among the most common intestinal parasitic infections causing a public health threat in poor communities in Sub-Saharan Africa. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of H. nana infections and associated risk factors among preschool children of displacement communities in Khartoum state, Sudan. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in May 2013 in displacement camps, Khartoum state, Sudan. A simple random sample of preschool children from the displacement camps, aged between 1 and 5 years, were included. Information was collected by presenting a questionnaire and taking 500 fresh stool specimens which were examined microscopically for the presence of eggs, using direct saline and formal-ether concentration techniques. Results: The prevalence of H. nana was determined to be 32.6% (163/500), 95% CI (28.5% e36.9%). Infections of H. nana were more prevalent among males than females, and this association was statistically significant (P < 0.001, OR Z 2.125, 95% CI Z 1.452e3.108). H. nana infections were significantly prevalent among the older age group (2.6e5.0 years) (P < 0.001, OR Z 2.909, 95% CI Z 1.914e4.420). Approximately 76.7% of infected preschool
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17009
Date: 2015-11-12


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