University of Khartoum

SLC11A1 (formerly NRAMP1) and disease resistance.

SLC11A1 (formerly NRAMP1) and disease resistance.

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Title: SLC11A1 (formerly NRAMP1) and disease resistance.
Author: Blackwell, Jenefer M.; Peacock, Christopher; Ibrahim, Muntaser E.; etal.
Abstract: Slc11a1 (formerly Nramp1) has many pleiotropic effects on macrophage (mf) activation, including regulation of the CXC chemokine KC, interleukin-1b (IL-1b), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules, tumour necrosis factor a (TNFa), nitric oxide (NO) release, L-arginine flux, oxidative burst and tumoricidal as well as antimicrobial activity (reviewed by Blackwell and Searle, 1999; Blackwell et al., 2000). A naturally occurring Gly!Asp mutation at amino acid 169 of Slc11a1 makes mice as susceptible to Leishmania donovani, Salmonella typhimurium and Mycobacterium bovis as gene-disrupted mice (Vidal et al., 1995). Hence, the mutation is a functional null. This mutation also confers susceptibility to a range of other pathogens in mice, including Mycobacterium lepraemurium (Brown et al., 1982; Skamene et al., 1984), Mycobacterium intracellulare (Goto et al., 1989), Toxoplasma gondii (Blackwell et al., 1994), Candida albicans (Puliti et al., 1995) and Leishmania infantum (Leclercq et al., 1996).
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17051
Date: 2015-11-12


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